Pumapunku: A Capable and Innovative Culture, not ‘Ancient Aliens’

Photo by Brattarb, Wikimedia Commons Though some claim the stone structure at Pumapunku were alien, archaeologists find no real mysteries there. By Brian Dunning / 08.20.2010 Today we’re going to climb high into the Andes and take a look at an ancient structure that has been cloaked with as much pop-culture mystery as just about[…]

The Conflation of Health and Fitness

By Myron Getman / 01.01.2013 Scientist New York State Department of Health conflate:  \kən-ˈflāt\, 1) to bring together, 2) to confuse How often have you heard someone exclaim, “Boy are they fit”?  Perhaps you’ve heard people talk about how someone might be “diesel,” “built,” or “put together”?  Depending on where you live, there are countless[…]

The Bow and Arrow in Archaic Greece

By Dr. Todd Alexander Davis Instructor of Classics Belmont Hill School Introduction Despite a renewed interest in scholarship about archaic warfare, hoplites, Homeric society, and other related areas, archery in the Archaic period has managed to escape comprehensive study for half a century.[1] Scholarship on the subject stands in urgent need of update and revision.[…]

Satraps of Ancient Persia

Syrians bearing tribute to Darius the Great of Persia / Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Lori Khatchadourian Assistant Professor of Near Eastern Studies Cornell University Introduction Hushang ascended the throne after his grandfather and declared himself the king of the seven realms. During the forty years of his reign, Hushang spread justice and enriched the world[…]

On the Reformation’s 500th Anniversary, Remembering Martin Luther’s Contribution to Literacy

An exhibition for the Luther monument in Worms. AP Photo/Jens Meyer By Dr. Richard Gunderman Professor of Medicine, Liberal Arts, and Philanthropy Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis This year marks the 500th anniversary of Martin Luther’s famous 95 Theses, which helped spark the founding of the Reformation and the division of Christianity into Protestantism[…]

Metaphors Be With You: A Cultural Analysis of Star Wars

By Dr. Lee Drummond / 03.09.2016 Professor Emeritus of Social and Cultural Anthropology McGill University [The mathematical physicist] von Neumann sometimes spoke of a “complexity barrier.” This was the imaginary border separating simple systems from complex systems. A simple system can give rise to systems of less complexity only. In contrast, a sufficiently complex system[…]