Forgotten Failures of African Exploration

A native of the Kayaye village, dressed head to toe in boughs and leaves as part of the Kongcorong ceremony. Featured in Major William Gray’s account of his doomed expedition in Africa – Internet Archive Dane Kennedy reflects on two disastrous expeditions into Africa organised by the British in the early-19th century, and how their lofty ambitions[…]

The Gemma Augustea: Cameo of Augustus

Upper register (detail), Dioskourides, Gemma Augustea, 9 – 12 C.E., 19 x 23 cm, double-layered sardonyx with gold, gold-plated silver (Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna) By Dr. Julia Fischer / 08.08.2015 Lecturer of Art History Georgia Southern University Head (detail), Augustus of Primaporta, 1st century C.E. (Vatican Museums) Private art Gemma Claudia, 49 C.E., 120 x 152 cm without[…]

Augustus of Primaporta: Imperial Power in Imagery

By Dr. Julia Fischer / 08.08.2015 Lecturer of Art History Georgia Southern University Augustus and the power of images Augustus of Primaporta, 1st century C.E., marble, 2.03 meters high (Vatican Museums) Today, politicians think very carefully about how they will be photographed.  Think about all the campaign commercials and print ads we are bombarded with[…]

European Calvinism: Church Discipline

John Calvin on his deathbed in 1564, from a 19th-century engraving / Public Domain    By Dr. Jordan J. Ballor (left) and Dr. W. Bradford Littlejohn (right) / 03.25.2013 Ballor: Senior Research Fellow and Director of Publishing, Acton Institute Littlejohn: Research in Theology and Ethics Abstract This article surveys the 16th-century development and dissemination of[…]

Medieval and Early Modern Warfare and Cultural Transfer, 1450-1789

By Dr. Aaron Graham / 09.22.2015 Professor of History University College London Abstract Warfare was one of the few experiences between 1453 and 1789 that almost every European had in common. Although new causes and technologies emerged during this period there were also strong continuities, and although it caused death and destruction warfare could also[…]