European Perceptions of America since the 17th Century

1750 map of America / museumoutlets.com By Dr. Marcus Gräser / 02.08.2011 Professor of History Institut für Neuere Geschichte und Zeitgeschichte Johannes Kepler University Abstract Early on, the USA – “America” – became a point of reference within European consciousnesses against which European societies could analyse themselves. At the same time, America acted as a repository[…]

Maria Agnesi, the Greatest Female Mathematician You’ve Never Heard Of

Agnesi was the first woman to write a mathematics textbook. AlexeyMaltsev/shutterstock.com May 16 marks the 300th anniversary of the first woman to write a mathematics textbook.    By Dr. Richard Gunderman (left) and David Gunderman (right) / 05.15.2018 R. Gunderman: Chancellor’s Professor of Medicine, Liberal Arts, and Philanthropy, Indiana University D. Gunderman: PhD Student in Applied Mathematics, University of Colorado The outmoded gender stereotype that women lack[…]

The Hardworking, Homemaking Hedgehog of the Medieval Bestiary

A Hedgehog (detail) in a bestiary, about 1270, unknown illuminator, possibly made in Thérouanne, France. Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment, 7 1/2 × 5 5/8 in. The J. Paul Getty Museum, Ms. Ludwig XV 3, fol. 79v. Digital image courtesy of the Getty’s Open Content Program In the medieval bestiary, hedgehogs are portrayed[…]

Have Humans Always Gone to War?

Yuttasak Jannarong / shutterstock Archaeological remains, traditional tribes and conflict among chimpanzees can tell us much about the history of human warfare. By Sarah Peasey / 04.11.2016 PhD Candidate in Ecological Systems of Cooperation University College London The question of whether warfare is encoded in our genes, or appeared as a result of civilisation, has[…]

Why Did Some Early Human Societies Practice Violent Human Sacrifice?

Illustration of ritualised human sacrifice in traditional Hawaiian culture, as documented by the French explorer and artists Jaques Arago in 1819.Arago, Jacques. (1822). Promenade autour du monde: pendant les années 1817, 1818, 1819 et 1820, sur les corvettes du roi l’Uranie et la Physicienne, commandées par M. Freycinet Human sacrifice seems horrifying and costly. But there[…]