What Makes People Cooperate with Strangers?

Credit: Alborzshawn, Flickr Creative Commons A new study finds that having a reputation for cooperation may be key to getting other people to cooperate with you. By Jill Suttie, Psy.D. / 10.05.2017 Human beings are among the most cooperative species on the planet. Yet it’s not always safe to cooperate with a stranger. What if[…]

Contemporary Philosophy: Logic, Mathematics, and Phenomenology

Franz Brentano By Dr. Garth Kemerling / 11.12.2011 Professor of Philosophy Capella University Philosophy Pages Logic and Mathematics By the turn of the twentieth century, philosophers had begun to devote careful attention to the foundations of logical and mathematical systems. For two millenia Aristotelian logic—with only minor scholastic modifications—had seemed a complete and final explanation of human reasoning. But the[…]

How the Stoicism of Roman Philosophers Can Help Us Deal with Depression

Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius. Detail. Bronze. 160-170s. Rome, Capitoline Museums, Palazzo dei Conservatori. By Dr. Robert S. Colter / 10.09.2017 Associate Lecturer of Philosophy University of Wyoming Depression is on the rise. A study conducted by the World Health Organization found an increase of 20 percent in depression cases within just a decade. I work on[…]

The Battle of Immae and Fall of Queen Zenobia

Queen Zenobia before Emperor Aurelianus. Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (1696–1770). Oil on canvas. Prado Museum. By Dr. Joshua J. Mark / 03.18.2016 Professor of Philosophy Marist College The Battle of Immae (272 CE) was fought between the forces of the Roman emperor Aurelian (270-275 CE) and those of the Palmyrene Empire of Zenobia (267-273 CE) resulting in a Roman victory and, ultimately, the capture of Zenobia and an end[…]

Recent Modern Philosophy: Pragmatism

John Dewey By Dr. Garth Kemerling / 11.12.2011 Professor of Philosophy Capella University Philosophy Pages Charles Sanders Peirce: The Pragmatist Principle The most significant indigenous philosophical movement of the United States is pragmatism. Pursuant to discussions of the “Metaphysical Club” at Harvard (which also included William James and Oliver Wendell Holmes as members), Charles Sanders Peirce proposed an important set of methodological[…]

This Isn’t Just Another Urban Farm—It’s a Food Bank

Former farm staff, Zotero Citlacoatl, and Las Milpitas volunteers in the greenhouse, learning about heritage fruit tree propagation. The fig and pomegranate tree cuttings pictured grew out over the spring and were given to program participants and community partners. / Photo © Groundwork Promotions The Tucson, Arizona, food bank isn’t just giving away packaged foods. It’s[…]

3,400-Year-Old Encrusted Ceramics Discovered in Bronze Age Necropolis on Danube

Some of the newly discovered 3,400-year-old vessels from the Bronze Age necropolis in Bulgaria’s Baley. Photo: BNT By Ivan Dikov / 09.25.2017 Archaeology in Bulgaria A large number of uniquely decorated ceramic vessels from ca 1400 BC have been described during archaeological excavations in the necropolis of a Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age settlement[…]

Recent Modern Philosophy: Kierkegaard and Nietzsche

Søren Kierkegaard By Dr. Garth Kemerling / 11.12.2011 Professor of Philosophy Capella University Philosophy Pages Kierkegaard: The Passionate Individual Life and Works Born to a prosperous Danish family and educated at Copenhagen, Søren Kierkegaard deliberately fostered his public reputation as a frivolous, witty conversationalist while suffering privately from severe melancholy and depression. In a series of (mostly pseudonymous) books,[…]

‘Topographic Memory’ and Landscape Photography

Bruce Lindsey, “Paradise Valley, MT. July 28, 2013.” Lindsey explores the inherent tensions of landscape photography. By Liam Otten / 09.27.2017 Senior News Director, Arts and Humanities Washington University in St. Louis Storm clouds gather above Rocky Mountain peaks, summer rains sweeping amber fields below. Skeletal trees overlook muddy flood waters, bark shining silver in[…]

Escher and Coxeter – A Mathematical Conversation

Figure 1: Hand with Reflecting Sphere, M. C. Escher (1935) Lecture by Dr. Sarah Hart at the Museum of London / 06.05.2017 Professor of Mathematics Birkbeck, University of London Introduction In 1954 the artist Maurits Escher met the mathematician Donald Coxeter at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Amsterdam. This meeting sparked a lifelong correspondence[…]

“Dear Venus”: Praying to an Ancient Goddess at the Getty Villa

This summer we invited visitors to the Getty Villa to write and share prayers to the ancient goddess Venus. Here are the themes that emerged. By Bella Anderson / 09.21.2017 “The zither, and night, and Venus, bring delight.” —Ovid, Heroides 3. 116 ff (trans. Showerman) Venus (Greek Aphrodite) was a goddess close to the heart of her people.[…]

Mesoamerica: An Introduction

Map of Mesoamerica, with the borders of modern countries By Dr. Lauren Kilroy-Ewbank / 09.12.2017 Assistant Professor of Art History Pepperdine University Avocado, tomato, and chocolate. You are likely familiar with at least some of these food items. Did you know that they all originally come from Mexico, and are all based on Nahuatl words (ahuacatl, tomatl, and chocolatl)[…]

Introduction to the Inka

Along the Inka road system or Qhapaq Ñan today, Pucará del Aconquija, Argentina (photo: Ministerio de Cultura de la Nación Argentina, CC BY-SA 2.0) By Dr. Sarahh Scher / 09.15.2017 Visiting Lecturer in Art History Salem State University An Empire of Roads—and Cords Map of the Qhapaq Ñan (Inka road system) (map: Manco Capac, CC BY-SA 3.0)[…]

Architectural History of the Town Hall of Amsterdam from 1648

Jacob van Campen, Koninklijk Paleis Amsterdam (Royal Palace of Amsterdam, formerly the Town Hall of Amsterdam), 1648-65 (photo: Mihnea Stanciu, CC BY 2.0) By Dr. Saskia Beranek / 09.07.2017 Visiting Professor of Art History Duquesne University The Eighth Wonder of the World Map of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands in the 18th century /[…]

The Unexpected Benefits of Getting Lost in Translation

‘You can never, in American public life, underestimate the advantages of complete and total incomprehensibility.’ Kissinger meets Anwar Sadat in 1976. / Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Edward Gibson / 09.25.2017 Professor of Cognitive Science Massachusetts Institute of Technology About 20 per cent of the United States population (60 million out of 300 million people) are[…]

The Codex Borgia, a Post-Classic Aztec Manuscript

Codex Borgia, c. 1500, p. 25 (Vatican Library) By Dr. Helen Burgos Ellis / 09.11.2017 Lecturer in Chicana(o) and Latina(o) Studies University of California, Los Angeles Mesoamericans made screenfold manuscripts of great artistic beauty. One of them is the Codex Borgia, an Aztec manuscript made during the late Post-Classic period, which stretched from about 1250 until about 1521.[…]

The Warka Vase of Ancient Uruk

Warka (Uruk) Vase, Uruk, Late Uruk period, c. 3500-3000 B.C.E., 105 cm high (National Museum of Iraq) By Dr. Senta German Faculty of Classics Andrew W Mellon Foundation Teaching Curator, Ashmolean Museum University of Oxford Picturing the ruler So many important innovations and inventions emerged in the Ancient Near East during the Uruk period (c. 4000 to[…]

Why and How to Let Go of Fear

By Dr. Bruce Lipton / 10.03.2017 Stem Cell Biologist The Science behind Collective Awareness Scientists have known for a long time about the ‘biological imperative’, an inherent mechanism that engages the drive to survive. How it’s activated is unclear, but every organism, from a bacterium to the most advanced creature, can read the environment and[…]

Split the Brain, Split the Person

Charles Bell The Anatomy of the Brain. / Wellcome Images By Dr. Yaïr Pinto / 09.26.2017 Cognitive Psychologist and Physicist Assistant Professor of Psychology University of Amsterdam The brain is perhaps the most complex machine in the Universe. It consists of two cerebral hemispheres, each with many different modules. Fortunately, all these separate parts are not[…]

Master of Disaster, Ignatius Donnelly

Ignatius Donnelly, ca. 1880 / Wikimedia Commons The destruction of Atlantis, cataclysmic comets, and a Manhattan tower made entirely from concrete and corpse — Carl Abbott on the life and work of a Minnesotan writer, and failed politician, with a mind primed for catastrophe. By Dr. Carl Abbott / 09.27.2017 Professor Emeritus of Urban Studies[…]

Building Divided Berlin

Interbau exhibition in Berlin, July 1957. Photo: Willy Pragher. Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg, Abt. Staatsarchiv Freiburg Berlin’s east-west split during the Cold War drove ideologically motivated architecture, from socialist apartment blocks to prestige landmarks. By Emily Pugh / 09.18.2017 Digital Humanities Specialist Historian of Postwar German Architecture This summer the Getty Research Institute exhibition Berlin/LA: Spaces for Music[…]

Recent Modern Philosophy: Social Concerns with Bentham, Mill, Marx, and Engels

Jeremy Bentham By Dr. Garth Kemerling / 11.12.2011 Professor of Philosophy Capella University Philosophy Pages Utilitarianism At the outset of the nineteenth century, an influential group of British thinkers developed a set of basic principles for addressing social problems.Extrapolating from Hume’s emphasis on the natural human interest in utility, reformer Jeremy Bentham proposed a straightforward quantification of morality by reference to utilitarian outcomes.[…]

Retracing Romer’s Footsteps

Stephanie Pierce, Chris Capobianco, and Blake Dickson survey the Bay of Fundy at Blue Beach, Nova Scotia. Photo by Katrina Jones Mystery drives Nova Scotia fossil quest in tidal area where famed scientist once worked. By Rebecca Coleman / 09.22.2017 The mood was celebratory on a remote, rock-strewn beach in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. Stephanie Pierce and[…]