A Transcultural History of Europe – Perspectives from the History of Migration

Migrants are escorted through fields by police as they are walked from the village of Rigonce to Brezice refugee camp on October 23, 2015 in Rigonce, Slovenia. Thousands of migrants marched across the border between Croatia into Slovenia as authorities intensify their efforts to attempt to cope with Europe’s largest migration of people since World[…]

The European Book Market from Antiquity to Today

By Dr. Ernst Fischer / 12.03.2010 Department of Book Science Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz Abstract The medium of the book, as a portable store of knowledge, has always made a central contribution to the rise of cultural areas. Dependent by its nature on language, the book market rendered pan-European communication possible over the centuries during which[…]

The Beginning and Growth of European Overseas Imperial Ambitions in the 16th Century

Hernán Cortés / Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Reinhard Wendt / 12.03.2010 University Professor Head of the Department of Modern European and Non-European History University of Hagen Introduction The development of European world rule, founded in the 16th century, exhibited considerable regional and temporal deviation in terms of its extent and character. The framework of colonialism and[…]

Economy and Trade in the Western World from the Early Modern to Modern Periods

Waldseemüller (Martin Waldseemüller) map from 1507 is the first map to include the name “America” and the first to depict the Americas as separate from Asia. There is only one surviving copy of the map, which was purchased by the Library of Congress in 2001 for $10 million. By Dr. Philipp Rössner / 02.03.2017 Lecturer in Early Modern History The[…]

Barracks and Conscription: Civil-Military Relations in Europe from 1500

By Dr. John Childs / 08.01.2011 Emeritus Professor of Military History University of Leeds Abstract To operate efficiently, armed forces require physical separation from civilian society, achieved usually through the employment of mercenaries, conscription and the provision of discrete military accommodation. War became more “popular” during the religious conflicts between 1520 and 1648 diluting civil-military[…]