From Blue Lobsters to Friendly Giants: Visual Representations of the Police, 1840–1880

Gloucestershire Constabulary at Northleach 1850s Pictures of Victorian policemen contain varied, conflicting and interacting strands of meaning. By Jane M. Card / 08.27.2018 Historian Introduction Images from the past are never to be taken at face value since, made according to contemporary visual conventions and artistic tastes, they reflect not objective reality but contemporary opinions[…]

Justice in Pharaonic Egypt

Detail of sarcophagus lid of Ramesses III / The Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge Justice  was an immensely important concept within ancient pharaonic Egypt, known to them by the word Ma’at. By A.J. van Loon / 12.15.2014 MA Thesis, Ancient History Leiden University Introduction Concerning Egypt, I am going to speak at length, because it[…]

Rationality and Irrationality in the Ancient Greek Law of Procedure

A representation of Draco at the library of the Supreme Court of the United States / Photo by the Draconian Society, Wikimedia Commons Exploring rational and irrational procedural methods in Greek adjudication in archaic times. By Dr. Gerhard Thür Professor Emeritus of Roman Law Austrian Academy of Sciences Abstract The paper deals with what today[…]

Ancient Egyptian Law: Seeking Peace with Oneself, One’s Community, and the Gods

Polychrome relief of Kagemni in his own mastaba, Saqqara, Egypt. Kagemni was a vizier of pharaohs Djedkare Isesi and Unas (5th dynasty), and Teti (6th dynasty), 24th century BCE. / Photo by Sémhur, Wikimedia Commons Ancient Egyptian culture flourished through adherence to tradition and their legal system By Dr. Joshua J. Mark / 10.02.2017 Professor of Philosophy Marist College[…]

The Supreme Court before John Marshall

By Dr. Scott Doublas Gerber, J.D. Professor of Law Pettit College of Law Ohio Northern University The Pre-Marshall Court in the American Mind    Patrick Henry (left) and Alexander Hamilton (right) both refused appointments to the Supreme Court Students of judicial institutions in recent years have come to appreciate more than ever that to understand[…]

The Legal System in the United States

Gordon County Courthouse in Calhoun, GA / Photo by Brent Moore, Creative Commons Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 03.12.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief The requirement of proof beyond a reasonable doubt has this vital role in our criminal procedure for cogent reasons. The accused, during a criminal prosecution, has at stake interests of immense importance,[…]

Corroding Civil Liberties, Supreme Court Codifies Unlawful Police Stops

The Supreme Court ruled 5-3 that evidence collected during an illegal stop can be used in court if the search was conducted after the discovery of an arrest warrant. (Photo: Mark Fischer/flickr/cc) “This case tells everyone…that your body is subject to invasion while courts excuse the violation of your rights,” Justice Sonia Sotomayor wrote in[…]

How Campus Policies Limit Free Speech

Why do campuses have “free speech zones”? John By David L. Hudson, Jr. / 05.31.2016 First Amendment Expert, Adjunct Professor of Law Vanderbilt University Colleges and universities are supposed to be places where freedom of expression flourishes. Sadly, that is not the case. At a recent debate on the Yale University campus, 66 percent of[…]

Machine Bias

Bernard Parker, left, was rated high risk; Dylan Fugett was rated low risk. (Josh Ritchie for ProPublica) There’s software used across the country to predict future criminals. And it’s biased against blacks. By Julia Angwin, Jeff Larson, Surya Mattu and Lauren Kirchner / 05.23.2016 On a spring afternoon in 2014, Brisha Borden was running late to[…]

Law: Changes In and Growth of Jurisprudence After the Middle Ages

Brian Turner on Flickr, under Creative Commons By Dr. Martin Otto Professor of Law and Legal History FernUniversität in Hagen Translated by: Andrew Smith Editor: Barbara Dölemeyer Copy Editor: Lisa Landes Abstract The medieval mind was unable to differentiate between temporal and spiritual law. Law was conceived as a unitary precept with a religious-metaphysical foundation.[…]

When Original Intent Isn’t So Original: The Senate “Thurmond Rule”

Senator Strom Thurmond / Creative Commons By Sean Pevsner, J.D. Brewminate Legal Analyst The preamble to the United States Constitution states: We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of[…]