Technologies of Medieval Towns and Trade

Medieval townsfolk needed very different sorts of technologies than did rural farmers, and they eagerly adopted tools of all sorts when they became available. By Dr. Hans Peter Broedel Graduate Director, Associate Professor of History University of North Dakota Together with generally good weather and the rapid clearing of arable land, the new modes of[…]

Spices and Ceramics Found Aboard 400-Year-Old Portuguese Shipwreck

Divers are seen during the discovery of a centuries-old shipwreck, in Cascais in a photo released Monday. / Augusto Salgado/Cascais City Hall/Handout via Reuters A 400-year-old shipwreck that signified a time when the spice trade between Portugal and India was booming has been uncovered 40 feet below the water’s surface during a dredging project. By[…]

Bayesian Analysis and Free Market Trade within the Roman Empire

Mosaic of amphorae being unloaded from a ship, Ostia / Southampton University, Creative Commons The trade networks of the Roman Empire are among the most intensively researched large-scale market systems in antiquity,       By (left-to-right) Dr. Xavier Rubio-Campillo, María Coto-Sarmiento, Jordi Pérez-Gonzalez, and Dr. José Remesal Rodríguez Rubio-Campillo: Lecturer in Archaeology; Computational Archaeology, The[…]

Ages of Commerce in Southeast Asian History

A brief critical survey of the development, implications, and limitations of the Age of Commerce paradigm in Southeast Asia. By Dr. David Henley Professor of Contemporary Indonesia Studies Leiden University Introduction Fernand Braudel classically proposed three interlocking historiographic time frames: the ‘history of events’, the history of cycles, and the longue durée or long duration.[…]

Ancient Economic Thought

Mysia Islands off Troas, Tenedos. Circa 100-70 BC. Tetradrachm (Silver, 16.27 g 12). / Photo by Exekias, Wikimedia Commons The earliest discussions of economics date back to ancient times, such as Chanakya’s Arthashastra or Xenophon’s Oeconomicus Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 08.19.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction In the history of economic thought, early economic[…]

Ancient Human Activity and the Necessary Conditions for Indirect Exchange

The historical emergence and use of money is an important question. By Dr. Alexander W. Salter / 12.07.2017 Comparative Economics Research Fellow Assistant Professor of Economics Texas Tech University The historical emergence and use of money is an important question. It is important in its own right as academic history and because it highlights the[…]

Lost Norse of Greenland Fueled the Medieval Ivory Trade

New DNA analysis reveals that, before their mysterious disappearance, the Norse colonies of Greenland had a “near monopoly” on Europe’s walrus ivory supply. An overreliance on this trade may have contributed to Norse Greenland’s collapse when the medieval market declined. 08.08.2018 The Icelandic Sagas tell of Erik the Red: exiled for murder in the late[…]

Labor and Trade in Colonial America

Wikimedia Commons (click image to enlarge) By Dr. Catherine Denial Associate Professor of History Knox College Common Misconceptions When textbooks discuss colonial labor practices, they most often associate the concept of labor with male work done outside the physical boundaries of the home—in fields; on docks; in warehouses; on ships. Labor is associated with creating[…]