Members of a Central American family traveling with a caravan of migrants prepare to cross the border and apply for asylum in the United States, in Tijuana, Mexico, April 29. | Hans-Maximo Musielik / AP
By Emile Schepers / 05.11.2018
What many defenders of immigrant and refugee rights have suspected for a while has now been confirmed by Attorney General Jeff Sessions: The Trump administration is deliberately separating migrant parents from their minor children as a means of deterring not only unauthorized entry into the country, but also to make people think again before requesting asylum.
In a speech to the Association of State Criminal Investigative Agencies on Monday, May 8, Sessions repeated the same tough anti-refugee and anti-immigrant line that his boss, President Trump, has been using since the very beginning of the 2016 election season: “We are also restoring the rule of law with regard to immigration. That will prevent crime.”
Attorney General Jeff Sessions speaks at the Association of State Criminal Investigative Agencies event, May 7, in Scottsdale, Ariz. Sessions says the Department of Homeland Security has agreed to refer anyone who enters the United States illegally on the Mexican border to his office for prosecution. | Ross D. Franklin / AP
This reiterates Trump’s unsubstantiated claim that undocumented immigrants from Mexico and other points south are responsible for a mostly imaginary crime wave in this country. Never mind that study after study has shown immigrants, even those without papers, commit crimes against persons and property at a lower rate than U.S. citizens do.
Describing the movement of undocumented immigrants across the Southern border as an “invasion,” Sessions pandered to the worst racist and extremist elements of the far right. “We are not going to let this country be invaded,” he announced with rhetoric worthy of a military campaign.
Going further, Sessions announced a “zero tolerance” policy for undocumented border crossers. This will include desperate families trying to get to safety, fleeing from violence and, in some cases, repression in the Northern Triangle of Central America: Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. Now, says Sessions, 100 percent of people who cross without authorization will be prosecuted by the U.S. Department of Justice.
And: “If you are smuggling a child, then we will prosecute you and that child will be separated from you as required by law. If you don’t like that, then don’t smuggle children over our border.”
Sessions was not talking about criminal traffickers of minors for prostitution. The context shows that he was threatening to separate people crossing our border with their own children from those children, as a way of hurting the families and thus dissuading migration including, especially, the phenomenon of refugees seeking asylum in the United States. Had he not intended to include asylum seekers in his statement, he would have said so.
Of course, the children will be hurt by such a policy just as much as, or more than, their parents. Sessions sees this as a plus, an additional deterrent for parents who don’t want to see their children harmed.
By this awful statement, Sessions confirmed the accusation made by the American Civil Liberties Union and others that the government deliberately separates parents from their children with the purpose of deterring people from seeking asylum. It comes on top of the announcement that the government is ending Temporary Protected Status for Hondurans. The vast majority of the people who are harmed by the Trump-Sessions anti-immigrant, anti-refugee policies are non-white—they are African, Native American, and mestizo origin and come from Central America, Haiti, etc. This is not an accident either. These are blatantly racist policies.
On the face of it, the policy already in practice by the Trump administration and now openly declared by Sessions, puts the United States in conflict with international law, specifically with treaties to which this country is signatory.
President Donald Trump talks with reporters as he gets a briefing on border wall prototypes, March 13, in San Diego. | Evan Vucci / AP
Fleeing refugees can be detained for a short while, but not automatically prosecuted even if they have a valid claim to asylum. If Sessions makes good on his threat to prosecute all unauthorized border crossers, he would seem to be in clear violation of the 1951 U.N. Convention on the Status of Refugees.
Then there is the well-established principle in international law of “non-refoulement.” This means that it is a violation of international law to return people to countries in which their lives will be in danger. The current entrants from the Central American countries and other places have a very credible argument that being returned to their lands of origin will put them in grave danger up to and including murder—especially, women, children, LGBTQ people, non-whites, and political dissidents. The Trump administration’s apparent failure to recognize this as important makes the United States a violator of the non-refoulement principle.
And does the current administration even recognize the constitutional right of asylum seekers to legal counsel?
One dimension of the government’s family-splitting policy is that it makes it harder for people seeking asylum or appealing their cases to do so. Immigrants in such situations do not have the right to a court-appointed attorney.
A boy who traveled with the annual caravan of Central American migrants rests where the group set up camp to wait for access to request asylum in the U.S., at the U.S.-Mexico border in Tijuana, Mexico, April 30. Stickers like the one on his chest were also seen pasted to the exterior fence at the port of entry. | Hans-Maximo Musielik / AP
In March 2016, a long-time immigration judge caused a scandal by claiming that a three-year-old child is able to argue in her or his own defense in an immigration court. This was correctly denounced as nonsense, but the government appears not to recognize that denying people effective counsel is a violation of a bedrock principle of law and justice.
According to a statement by Benjamin Johnson, Executive Director of the American Immigration Lawyers Association, “The Attorney General’s strident and misinformed claims that lawyers are ‘coaching’ asylum seekers reveals his disrespect for our judicial system which guarantees due process and the right to legal counsel. Having an attorney inform you of your rights before going in for an asylum request isn’t fraud. It’s the only way a frightened asylum seeker can understand our complex legal system and have any fair chance of receiving protection—it’s also what our Constitution guarantees.” (And, it could be added, that it is also required by international law.)
One Republican Arizona Congressman, Paul Gosar, has actually advocated prosecution of attorneys who help refugees prepare asylum petitions. Meanwhile, the Trump administration has been trying, unsuccessfully so far, to suspend a government program that helps provide legal aid to a tiny number of migrants.
Even before Sessions made his speech, there has been resistance to Trump’s policies. Some of it is taking the form of litigation.
On Friday May 4, a federal judge in San Diego heard arguments in a class action suit filed by the ACLU in the name of parents who have been separated from their children in the manner that Sessions has proudly proclaimed.
In the initial back and forth of the court arguments, the government argued that there is no federal policy of separating parents from their children to deter migration, and in the cases in which it has been done, it has been necessary in order to make sure that these are really the parents of the detained children.
Four days later, Sessions proved out of his own mouth that this was a lie. An investigation by the New York Times, published on April 20, shows that there have been at least 700 such cases of separation since last Autumn.
Originally published by People’s World under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States license.