Internal Migration in France and Germany Before and During the Industrial Revolution

This image shows the machine works of Richard Hartmann in Chemnitz, Germany. Hartmann was one of the most successful entrepreneurs and largest employers in the Kingdom of Saxony. / Hinweise zur lizenzgerechten Weiterverwendung des Bildes, Wikimedia Commons The greater portion of mobility occurred within or between regions as people relocated their labor, material wealth, and cultural notions. By Leslie Page[…]

Anabaptist Confessional Migration in Early Modern Europe

Hutterite family 1588 Anabaptists constituted one of the most persecuted and most mobile religious populations of the Reformation and Confessional Ages. By Dr. Geoffrey Dipple / 07.15.2015 Professor of Early Modern History University of Alberta Abstract Lacking a durable alliance with the state anywhere in Europe, Anabaptists constituted one of the most persecuted and most[…]

Corporate Guild Order Control of the Florentine Republic in the 13th and 14th Century

Palazzo di Medici-Riccardi / Creative Commons The state was merely a product of these guilds with institutions designed to function only in the way these guilds desired. By Milad D. Mohammadi / 08.26.2018 New York University The Renaissance, being a time of great cultural and political change, was a time of significant economic development, particularly in[…]

Eric, Count Stenbock: A Catch Of A Ghost

Stenbock photographed in St Petersburg by Frederick Hollyer, 1886 / Public Domain With his extravagant dress, entourage of exotic pets, and morbid fascinations, Count Stenbock is considered one of the greatest exemplars of the Decadent movement. David Tibet on the enigmatic writer’s short and curious life. By David Tibet In his lurid and excitable The Magical[…]

How Gothic Architecture Became Associated with the Supernatural

Brodie castle, north Scotland. Albert de Bruijn, CC BY-SA How medieval spires and snarling gargoyles went out of fashion and then made a spectacular return under – you guessed it – the Victorians. By Dr. Peter Lindfield / 10.30.2016 Leverhulme Early Career Research Fellow Manchester Metropolitan University If you want foreboding old buildings that dark lords and werewolves are bound to frequent, look no[…]