The Politics of Women’s Fashion in the Cultural West

The impact of political and social expectations on women in the Western world. By Dr. Max Barnish, FellowCollege of Medicine and HealthUniversity of Exeter Abstract In this perspective piece, we discuss the politics of fashion in the cultural West. We cover issues of social expectation and individual freedom. We comment on where society draws[…]

Religious Dimensions of Classical and Contemporary Islamic Art

Analyzing classical religious influences on the work of Ehab Mamdouh. Abstract This paper focuses on the work of Egyptian Islamic contemporary artist Ehab Mamdouh who grew up in Saudi Arabia, then moved to Cairo, where he was exposed to religious, historical concepts and art forms, then came back to work in Saudi Arabia to observe[…]

“To Wait Together upon the Lord in Pure Silence”: Quakers in the 18th Century

Quaker worship services have always consisted of long periods of silent reflection. “The voices of the past are especially lost to us. The world of unrecorded sounds is irreclaimable, so the disjunctions that separate our ears from what people heard in the past are doubly profound.” When historians say they hope to retrieve the “lost[…]

A Bit of Serendipitous Magic: The Sorcière of Conques and Grillot de Givry

Grillot de Givry’s discovery of this 18th-century manuscript from an alleged witch was serendipitous – twice over. I grimaced, examining the neat box of pale blue cardboard in front of me. Manuscript number 4171? This wasn’t the one I’d ordered, and I was conscious of my rapidly passing research week. With only a couple hours[…]

Ai Khanoum, the Capital of Eucratides in Ancient Afghanistan

Founded during the conquests of Alexander the Great, the city developed and grew after his death. Ai Khanum (also spelled Ai-Khanoum or Ay-Khanum, lit. “Lady Moon” in Uzbek), was founded in the 4th century BC, following the conquests of Alexander the Great and was one of the primary cities of the Greco-Bactrian kingdom. The site is located in the[…]

The Expansion of the Ancient Graeco-Bactrian Kingdom (Modern Afghanistan)

The expansion of the Greco-Bactrians into present-day eastern Afghanistan and Pakistan from 180 BC established the Indo-Greek Kingdom. The Greco-Bactrian Kingdom was – along with the Indo-Greek Kingdom – the easternmost part of the Hellenistic world, covering Bactria and Sogdiana in Central Asia from 250 to 125 BC. It was centered on the north of present-day Afghanistan. The expansion of the Greco-Bactrians into present-day eastern Afghanistan[…]