Border Theories in Early Modern Europe

The issue of inter-state relations illustrates the political relevance of changing concepts of borders in early modern Europe. Abstract This article discusses concepts and realities of “borders” in early modern Europe. It outlines the basic shifts in the relevant terminology with particular emphasis on juridical and political discourses. It focuses on the relative importance of[…]

Historical Processes of Europeanization

The majority of these processes played out over the long-term, but accelerated since the second half of the 18th century. Introduction Processes resulting in the development of a single European culture can be bundled under the term Europeanization. The majority of these processes played out over the long-term, but accelerated since the second half of[…]

How an Islamic Holiday Became Uniquely Caribbean

Hosay procession in St. James / Photo by Nicholas Laughlin, Creative Commons Hosay, a religious ritual performed by Trinidadian Muslims, combines the somber Islamic observance of Ashura, brought by immigrant Indians, and the joy of Trinidad’s famous carnival. By Ken Chitwood / 09.09.2018 PhD Candidate, Religion in the Americas, Global Islam University of Florida A throng of Trinidadians line up[…]

Robot of Jihad? A Guide to Tipu’s Tiger

Analyzing an eighteenth-century automaton from South Asia in the image of a tiger mauling a British soldier. An eighteenth-century automaton in the image of a tiger mauling a British soldier, whose groans mingle with his killer’s roar, has thrilled millions of tourists and inspired some of the English language’s finest poets. It is one of[…]

Rugendas’ Iconography of the Animal Condition in 19th-Century Brazilian Society

Rugendas up the challenging mission of drawing and conveying the New World to Europe. A significant weakness of commonplace records of the first four centuries of Brazil’s history is that they do not capture the wide range of interactions between humans and nonhuman animals, nor recognize them as an essential element in the formation of[…]

What Winter Solstice Rituals Tell Us about Indigenous People

For indigenous peoples, winter solstice has been a time to honor their ancient sun deity. Their rituals reveal a deep understanding of the natural world. On the day of winter solstice, many Native American communities will hold religious ceremonies or community events. The winter solstice is the day of the year when the Northern Hemisphere has[…]