A History of the Many Conflicting Identities of the Statue of Liberty

Eastern and Western, feminine and masculine, motherly yet ready for war, the sculpture holds a multitude of meanings. The Statue of Liberty’s creator, the Alsatian artist Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi, grew up in a world apart from the “huddled masses” who arrived in the New World, sailing toward her beacon. Born in 1834, into a rich and[…]

A Brief Overview of Immigration in the Late 19th and Early 20th Centuries

An overview of the “new immigration” that originated from Southern and Eastern Europe and American responses to it. Between 1880 and 1910, almost fifteen million immigrants entered the United States, a number which dwarfed immigration figures for previous periods. Unlike earlier nineteenth century immigration, which consisted primarily of immigrants from Northern Europe, the bulk of[…]

Progress in Play: Board Games and the Meaning of History

Players moving pieces along a track to be first to reach a goal was the archetypal board game format of the 18th and 19th century. Alex Andriesse looks at one popular incarnation in which these pieces progress chronologically through history itself, usually with some not-so-subtle ideological, moral, or national ideal as the object of the[…]

A History of Medieval and Early Modern India

Medieval Indian history went for almost three whole centuries under the so-called indigenous rulers. 9th Century to the Rise of Islam Overview For a period that has come to be so strongly associated with the Islamic influence and rule in India, Medieval Indian history went for almost three whole centuries under the so-called indigenous rulers,[…]

A History of India from the Indus Valley Civilization to the 9th Century CE

India’s history and culture is dynamic, spanning back to the beginning of human civilization. Introduction The history of India begins with a mysterious culture along the Indus River and in farming communities in the southern lands of India. The history of India is punctuated by constant integration of migrating people with the diverse cultures that[…]