Vital Hasson: The Jew Who Worked for the Nazis Hunting Down Refugees

Vital Hasson was born into the Jewish community of Salonica, Greece. After World War II, he was executed for helping the Nazis destroy that community. By Dr. Sarah Abrevaya SteinProfessor of HistoryMaurice Amado Chair in Sephardic StudiesSady and Ludwig Kahn Director, Alan D. Leve Center for Jewish StudiesUniversity of California, Los Angeles I learned a[…]

Universitas Magistrorum et Scholarium: Higher Education in the Middle Ages

This Western-style organizational form gradually spread from the medieval Latin west across the globe. Introduction A medieval university was a corporation organized during the Middle Ages for the purposes of higher education. The first Western European institutions generally considered universities were established in the Kingdom of Italy (then part of the Holy Roman Empire), the[…]

Libraries in the Medieval and Renaissance Periods

The library-era, as we may call it, began with the publication of the Rule of S. Benedict in the early in the sixth century. Lecture by Dr. John Willis Clark, 06.13.1894English Academic and Antiquarian A library may be considered from two very different points of view: as a workshop, or as a Museum. The former[…]

The Medieval Cathari: Religious Sect Wiped Out in the Albigensian Crusade

The Roman Catholic Church regarded the sect as heretical, and the Vatican launched the Albigensian Crusade to crush the movement. Introduction The Cathari (also known as Cathars,Albigensians, or Catharism) were followers of a controversial religious sect that flourished in the Languedoc region of France between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries before they were eradicated by[…]

Hildegard of Bingen: Early Medieval Christian Mystic

Hildegard of Bingen was called the “Sibyl of the Rhine” because of her apocalyptic visions. Introduction Hildegard of Bingen (1098–1179), also known as Blessed Hildegard and Saint Hildegard, was a German religious teacher, prophetess, and abbess. At a time when women were often not recognized in the public and religious sphere she was also an[…]