How Prohibition Changed the Way Americans Drink – 100 Years Ago

The era of Prohibition, which began in 1920 and ended in 1933, left many legacies – more modest drinking was not among them. Introduction On Jan. 17, 1920, one hundred years ago, America officially went dry. Prohibition, embodied in the U.S Constitution’s 18th amendment, banned the sale, manufacture and transportation of alcohol. Yet it remained[…]

The Mysterious History of ‘Marijuana’ in the United States

Throughout the 19th century, news reports and medical journal articles almost always use the plant’s formal name, cannabis. By Matt Thompson Introduction Marijuana has been intertwined with race and ethnicity in America since well before the word “marijuana” was coined. The drug, my colleague Gene Demby recently wrote, has a disturbing case of multiple personality[…]

Education in Ancient Rome

Organized education was relatively rare, and there are few primary sources or accounts until the 2nd century CE. Introduction Education in ancient Rome progressed from an informal, familial system of education in the early Republic to a tuition-based system during the late Republic and the Empire. The Roman education system was based on the Greek[…]

Twelve Great Women of Ancient Persia

Ancient Persian (pre-Islamic) women had almost equal rights with men and, in many instances, more freedoms and benefits. Introduction Women in ancient Persia had more rights and greater freedom than any other ancient civilization including, according to some scholars, even ancient Egypt which is famous for its respect for the feminine principle in religion as[…]