Jimmy Carter and the Myth That Gave the Iowa Caucuses Their Political Power

Iowa is unrepresentative–disproportionately whiter, older, and more rural than the country as a whole. Every four years, the country witnesses what should be an inspiring ritual: Iowans like me brave the cold winter night, gather in school gyms, and talk about politics with their neighbors. But there is another ritual that also merits our attention: the[…]

Equaliberty: Notes on the Thought of Étienne Balibar

Balibar’s ‘portmanteau’ invites us to invent a ‘politics against politics’. Introduction It could be asserted that the spectre of Equaliberty (Égaliberté) has haunted Étienne Balibar’s work for decades. Early connotations avant-la-lettre can be found in his concept of citizenship as ‘temporary equilibrium’ (Balibar 1988: 724)—a key structural condition that also underpins ‘equaliberty’. The notion itself[…]

The Electoral College and the Disputed Election of Rutherford B. Hayes in 1876

As the favorite son of Ohio, Rutherford B. Hayes had much in his favor. The Campaign and Election By 1875, the Republican party was in trouble. A severe economic depression followed the Panic of 1873 and scandals in the Grant administration had tarnished the party’s reputation; falling crop prices, rising unemployment, and corruption in high[…]

Adams and Jackson: The Electoral College in the Elections of 1824 and 1828

The year 1824 was a political turning point in which none of the old rules applied. The Campaign and Election of 1824 Although John Quincy Adams should have been the heir apparent to the presidency as James Monroe’s secretary of state, the year 1824 was a political turning point in which none of the old[…]

A History of the British Crown Jewels

The regalia includes several medieval articles and gemstones. By Mark CartwrightHistorian Introduction The Crown Jewels of the monarchy of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are today kept in the Tower of London and date mostly to the 17th century CE, with a few later sparkling additions such as the Koh-i-Noor and[…]

Cannabis: The Origins and Its Use over Time

Marijuana has been in the news for quite a while, which has made many people wonder why there is so much controversy around this drug. It started with researchers wanting people to benefit from the plant as ancient civilizations did. Nowadays, it’s being used for political agendas, business, and other reasons. To get a better[…]