It All Began at Sutter’s Mill in 1848: An Overview of the California Gold Rush

This massive migration to California transformed the state’s landscape and population. Introduction On January 8, 1848, James W. Marshall, overseeing the construction of a sawmill at Sutter’s Mill in the territory of California, literally struck gold. His discovery of trace flecks of the precious metal in the soil at the bottom of the American River[…]

Comic Gold: The Easterner Goes West in Three Early American Comics

Looking at the effete 19th-century Eastern urbanite who traveled to the Wild West in quest of a fortune. This article, Brilliant Visions: Peyote among the Aesthetes, was originally published in The Public Domain Review under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0. If you wish to reuse it please see: The California Gold Rush transformed the landscape and[…]

The ‘Comic News’, Lincoln, and the Civil War

Although Lincoln’s image in this and the British comic press was typically pejorative, there were moments of ambivalence. By Gary L. Bunker Introduction Neatly tucked away in the archives of history and hidden from the view of scholars for more than a century are political caricatures, satire, and doggerel of Abraham Lincoln and the Civil[…]

Harriet Monroe’s Abraham Lincoln

Monroe was instrumental in shaping the modern literary treatment of Abraham Lincoln. Introduction In 1919, when Harriet Monroe reviewed a new stage hit Abraham Lincoln, by British playwright John Drinkwater, it was already a Broadway smash and would run continuously for five years in nearly every major American city.[1] Although audiences were clearly thrilled, Monroe[…]

Avast, Ye Scurvy Dogs! The Dreaded Maritime Disease in the Early Modern World

Scurvy killed more than two million sailors between the time of Columbus’s transatlantic voyage and the rise of steam engines in the mid-19th century. By Catherine PriceSociété de Chimie Industrielle Fellow One summer evening in 1808, while on a stroll through London with his wife and sister-in-law, sailor Thomas Urquhart was accosted by a stranger[…]

A History of Tuberculosis since the Ancient World

The Code of Hammurabi and writings from ancient Greeks mention this “lung wasting” disease and their treatments for it. By Dr. John Frith Phthisis, Consumption, and the White Plague Overview A phthitic soldier is to his roommates what a glandered horse is to its stablemates.[1] Jean Antoine Villemin, French Army surgeon, 1865 Tuberculosis is an[…]