The Foundations of American Government

The Enlightenment of 17th-century Europe had the most immediate impact on the framers of the United States Constitution. Introduction Democracy was not created in a heartbeat. In a world where people were ruled by monarchs from above, the idea of self-government is entirely alien. Democracy takes practice and wisdom from experience. The American colonies began[…]

A Modern Republic: The Ideals of the Founders

Like the Greeks and Romans of antiquity, Americans believed that government must concern itself with the character of its citizenry. By Dr. Stephen M. KlugewiczHistorian As Benjamin Franklin left Philadelphia’s Convention Hall in September 1787, upon the completion of the work of the Framers of the Constitution, a woman approached him and asked the old[…]

The Legacy of the Ancient Roman Republic and Empire

This legacy survived the demise of the empire itself and went on to shape other civilizations, a process which continues to this day. Introduction The legacy of the Roman Empire has been varied and significant, comparable to that of other hegemonic polities of world history (e.g. Persian Empire, ancient Egypt or imperial China). The Roman[…]

The Political and Cultural Legacy of Ancient Greece

Greek civilization had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire and many others that followed through today. Introduction The civilization of Ancient Greece emerged into the light of world history in the 8th century BC. Normally it is regarded as coming to an end when Greece fell to the Romans, in 146 BC. However, major[…]