In Freedom’s Shadow: The Reconstruction Legacy of Renty Franklin Greaves

His story represents the lives of many African American leaders who remain in the shadows of history during Reconstruction and beyond. Introduction The period in American history known as “Reconstruction” began a social revolution that changed the South forever. For 14 years (1863–1877), persons of African descent once held in chattel slavery worked and served[…]

Out of War, a New Nation: The Impact and Legacy of the Civil War

Why did Americans fight each other with a ferocity unmatched in the Western world? The Civil War had a greater impact on American society and the polity than any other event in the country’s history. It was also the most traumatic experience endured by any generation of Americans. At least 620,000 soldiers lost their lives[…]

The Nika Riots against Justinian at an Ancient Roman Chariot Race

Justinian was dealing with the Persians over peace in the east at the end of the Iberian War and now he faced a potential crisis in his city. Introduction The Nika riots, Nika revolt, or Nika sedition took place against Emperor Justinian I in Constantinople over the course of a week in 532 AD. They were the most violent riots in the city’s history,[…]

The Decline and Ruin of the Ancient Roman Republic

Violent rhetoric and disregard for political norms was the beginning of Rome’s end. By Jason Daley The U.S. Constitution owes a huge debt to ancient Rome. The Founding Fathers were well-versed in Greek and Roman History. Leaders like Thomas Jefferson and James Madison read the historian Polybius, who laid out one of the clearest descriptions[…]