We, Us, and Our: The History and Philosophy of Communitarianism

The philosophy of communitarianism originated in the 20th century, but the term “communitarian” was coined in 1841. Introduction Communitarianism is a philosophy that emphasizes the connection between the individual and the community. Its overriding philosophy is based upon the belief that a person’s social identity and personality are largely molded by community relationships, with a smaller degree of development being placed[…]

Not the Hoi Polloi: A History of ‘High Culture’

The high culture of the West originated in the classical-world traditions of intellectual and aesthetic life in Ancient Greece. Introduction High culture encompasses the cultural objects of aesthetic value, which a society collectively esteem as exemplary art,[1] and the intellectual works of philosophy, history, and literature that a society consider representative of their culture.[2] In popular usage, the term high culture identifies the culture[…]

A History of Peerage in the United Kingdom

Certain personal privileges are afforded to all peers and peeresses, but the main distinction of a peerage is the title and style thereby accorded. Introduction The peerage in the United Kingdom is a legal system comprising both hereditary and lifetime titles, composed of various noble ranks, and forming a constituent part of the British honours system. The term peerage can be used both[…]

A History of the Gentry Class since the Middle Ages

The term “gentry” by itself is a construct that historians have applied loosely to rather different societies. Introduction Gentry is a largely historical term for the European social class of people who were “well-born, genteel and well-bred”.[1][2] In its widest sense, it refers to people of good social position, from families of long descent, and[…]