Rolling the Dice on Theodore Roosevelt in American Memory

The resilience of memories of Roosevelt as a hero, champion, and friend is indicative of durable qualities in Americans’ self-image. Abstract Following scholarship that suggests that societies crave continuity in their collective memories, this article identifies recurring themes in American memories of Theodore Roosevelt as an intensely masculine leader, a champion of social justice, and[…]

Gambling on the Frontier in 19th-Century America

The heyday of gambling in the west lasted from 1850-1910. Introduction The frontier gambler is one of the most recognizable stock characters of the 19th century American frontier. Historically, gamblers were of both sexes, came from a variety of professions and class and geographical backgrounds, were of many different nationalities, and were part of a[…]

The Compensations of Plunder: Looting China’s Art, 1790-1930

Was the removal of antiquities from China simple theft or something more complicated? “After you have the institutionalization of the discourse of nationalism, a Chinese bronze that is buried in the ground belongs to the ancient Chinese nation. So now anyone who removes this artifact is a thief.” From the 1790s to the 1930s, archaeologists[…]

Jesuit Influence on Post-Medieval Chinese Astronomy

Studies on ancient Chinese science suggest that up till the 14th century CE it was much more advanced than Europe in a technological sense. Introduction Ancient China had seen little Western contact before the 16th century CE, the language, culture and science all being allowed to develop independently of foreign influence. By the time European Jesuit missionaries arrived in[…]