Improving Listening Competence

Specific strategies for sharpening our critical and empathetic listening skills. Active Listening Overview Active listening refers to the process of pairing outwardly visible positive listening behaviors with positive cognitive listening practices. Active listening can help address many of the environmental, physical, cognitive, and personal barriers to effective listening. The behaviors associated with active listening can[…]

Barriers to Effective Listening

How environmental, physical, cognitive, and personal factors, and bad listening practices, present barriers to effective listening. Introduction Barriers to effective listening are present at every stage of the listening process. At the receiving stage, noise can block or distort incoming stimuli. At the interpreting stage, complex or abstract information may be difficult to relate to[…]

Prelude to McCarthyism: The Making of a Blacklist

It originated with Truman’s Executive Order 9835, which required that all federal civil service employees be screened for “loyalty.” The so-called “Attorney General’s List of Subversive Organizations” (AGLOSO) was one of the most central and widely publicized aspects of the post–World War II Red Scare, which has popularly become known as “McCarthyism.” AGLOSO burst into[…]

“​Sweltering with Treason”​: The Civil War Trials of William Matthew Merrick

From the beginning of the war, Merrick was suspected of disloyalty. The American Civil War was not just a conflict between North and South. Indeed, many smaller conflicts pervaded both sections of the divided nation. In the South, for example, Jefferson Davis had to deal with noncompliant and obstructive governors in North Carolina and Georgia.[…]