Terror on Wall Street: The Bombing of September 16, 1920

The bombing was never solved, although investigators and historians believe it was carried out by Galleanists (Italian anarchists). Introduction The Wall Street bombing occurred at 12:01 pm on Thursday, September 16, 1920, in the Financial District of Manhattan, New York City. The blast killed thirty people immediately, and another ten died later of wounds sustained in[…]

Reconstruction and Terrorism: The Colfax Massacre of 1873

In the wake of the contested 1872 election for governor of Louisiana and local offices, white terrorists killed almost 50 freedmen. Introduction The Colfax massacre, sometimes referred to by the euphemism Colfax riot, occurred on Easter Sunday, April 13, 1873, in Colfax, Louisiana, the seat of Grant Parish, where an estimated 62-153 black men were[…]

Witch Trials in Early Modern Europe and New England

The height of the witch frenzy was marked by the publication of the Malleus Maleficarum (“Hammer of Witches”). Legal Basis for Witch Trials Historians have identified a number of crucial legal developments that led to the panic surrounding— and subsequent trials of— witches in Early Modern Europe. One was the idea of “heretical fact,” put[…]

The European Witch-Hunts, 1450-1750

The witch-hunts of early modern Europe took place against a backdrop of rapid social, economic, and religious transformation. By Adam Jones Introduction For three centuries of early modern European history, diverse societies were consumed by a panic over alleged witches in their midst. Witch-hunts, especially in Central Europe, resulted in the trial, torture, and execution[…]