Common Ground: Sharing the World’s Water

If divided evenly, the 12,500km2 of global renewable fresh water available each year would be more than sufficient to satisfy the world’s population. Introduction The world needs to share its common resources, not compete over them. As long as nations – and the corporations that feed them – perceive resources as something within their ownership,[…]

Controlling the Municipal Water Supply in the Ancient Graeco-Roman World

Exploring the main elements of municipal water supply and their artificial development. By Dr. Henning FahlbuschProfessor of ArchitectureTechnical University of Applied Sciences Lübeck (Technische Hochschule Lübeck) Introduction Since the beginning of early cultures men not only used natural water resources but also improved them by artificial methods. Based on observations of nature they constructed small[…]

Ground Zero: Drought-Stricken West Headed for a Water Crisis

Fish hatcheries are trucking their salmon to the ocean and ranchers are worried about having enough water for their livestock. By Dr. Mojtaba SadeghAssistant Professor of Civil EngineeringBoise State University By Dr. Amir AghaKouchakAssociate Professor of Civil & Environmental EngineeringUniversity of California, Irvine By Dr. John AbatzoglouAssociate Professor of EngineeringUniversity of California, Merced Introduction Just[…]

Charon: Boatman for the Dead in Ancient Greek Mythology

The idea which may well have been influenced by Mesopotamian and Egyptian mythology. Introduction Charon is a figure from Greek mythology where he is the boatman who ferries the souls of the dead across the waters of Hades to the judgement which will determine their final resting place. The Greeks believed the dead needed a coin to pay Charon for his[…]

The River Styx: Path to the Underworld in Ancient Greek Mythology

The deities of the Greek pantheon swore all their oaths upon the river Styx. Curated/Reviewed by Matthew A. McIntoshPublic HistorianBrewminate Introduction In Greek mythology, Styx is a deity and a river that forms the boundary between Earth and the Underworld. The rivers Acheron, Cocytus, Lethe, Phlegethon, and Styx all converge at the center of the underworld on a great marsh, which sometimes is also called the Styx. According to Herodotus,[…]