Listen and Learn: Historic Protest Movements in Every Decade

Highlighting the trends that have defined us from the 1920s to now. Presentation by The History Channel The early twentieth century saw the unfolding of many social conflicts. Notably, the Great Depression again reduced millions of workers to unemployment. Marches took place in almost all major cities, to demand work and aid, to help prevent[…]

Featured Scholar: Elizabeth K. Hinton – A History of Modern Protest

From one of our top historians, a groundbreaking story of policing and “riots” that shatters our understanding of the post–civil rights era. Book by Dr. Elizabeth K. HintonAssociate Professor of History & African American Studies and Professor of LawYale University What began in spring 2020 as local protests in response to the killing of George[…]

Fighting School Segregation in the North during the Civil Rights Movement

In the 1950s, Harlem mother Mae Mallory fought a school system that she saw as ‘just as Jim Crow’ as the one she had attended in the South. Introduction Whether it’s black-and-white photos of Arkansas’ Little Rock Nine or Norman Rockwell’s famous painting of New Orleans schoolgirl Ruby Bridges, images of school desegregation often make[…]

A Brief History of Civil Rights in the United States

The civil rights that various groups have fought for within the United States. Introduction What is the difference between a civil right and a human right? Simply put, human rights are rights one acquires by being alive. Civil rights are rights that one obtains by being a legal member of a certain political state. There[…]

Jim Crow and African American Life

In the South, electoral politics remained a parade of electoral fraud, voter intimidation, and race-baiting. Just as reformers advocated for business regulations, anti-trust laws, environmental protections, women’s rights, and urban health campaigns, so too did many push for racial legislation in the American South. America’s tragic racial history was not erased by the Progressive Era.[…]

Ad Hoc Beatniks: The Committee to End Discrimination, 1963-1964

They ultimately achieved significant concessions for fair employment practices for African Americans in San Francisco. By Ammar Alqatari The Ad-Hoc Committee to End Discrimination played an instrumental role in the organization of the San Francisco civil rights movement during 1963-64. The group, formed mostly by young members of the Du Bois Clubs, organized and lead[…]

Gridlock to Victory: The Women’s Suffrage Crusade in Washington, 1848-1920

Women suffragists picketing in front of the White house. The first picket line – College day in the picket line line, 1917 / Wikimedia Commons Washington suffragists supported the national crusade until the 1920 ratification of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. By Dr. Mildred Andrews / 02.26.2004 Social Historian Introduction ashington women won[…]

Yuri Kochiyama: 20th-Century Crusader for Human Rights

Public Domain Kochiyama was one of the most prominent Asian American activists of the 20th century. By Dr. Diane C. Fujino Chair of the Department of Asian American Studies University of California, Santa Barbara Introduction Prominent Japanese American human rights activist in Harlem (1960s-1999) and Oakland (1999-present). Yuri Kochiyama (1921–2014 ) worked with Malcolm X[…]

The Sit-In Movement in the Struggle for Civil Rights

Lunch Counter Sit-in, Greensboro, North Carolina, 1960 / Library of Congress, Public Domain On February 1, 1960, a new tactic was added to the peaceful activists’ strategy – the sit-in. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 10.18.2018 Public Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief By 1960, the Civil Rights Movement had gained strong momentum. The nonviolent measures employed[…]

Television News and the Civil Rights Struggle: The Views in Virginia and Mississippi

In the American South, local television news coverage had immediate and significant effects on knowledge and perception in civil rights movement. By Dr. William G. Thomas III / 11.03.2004 John and Catherine Angle Professor in the Humanities University of Nebraska-Lincoln Overview It is often suggested that national television news coverage of the civil rights movement[…]

Who Was Emmett Till?

A 1950s photograph of Emmett Till and his mother Mamie Till Mobley, during a visit to Jackson, Miss. AP Photo/Rogelio V. Solis Most Mississippi civil rights history leads back to the widespread outrage over the Till case in the summer of 1955. By Dr. Davis W. Houck / 07.13.2018 Professor of Communications Florida State University The U.S.[…]

The History of Jim Crow Segregation

By Dr. Katherine Mellon Charron Associate Professor of History North Carolina State University Introduction Segregation contradicts what most students have learned about American freedom and democracy. Textbooks locate segregation’s origins in Southern disenfranchisement laws of the 1890s and highlight the Supreme Court’s 1896 “separate but equal” ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson. The majority of African Americans still lived[…]

The Hidden Influence of Langston Hughes on MLK

Martin Luther King Jr.‘s dream – which alternated between shattered and hopeful – can be traced back to Hughes’ poetry. AP Photo In order to avoid being labeled a communist sympathizer, King needed to publicly distance himself from the controversial poet. Privately, King found ways to channel Hughes’ prose. By Dr. Jason Miller / 03.30.2018 Professor[…]

John Brown’s Raid

Daguerreotype of John Brown, by John Bowles, c.1856 / Boston Athenaeum via Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Christopher H. Hamner Professor of History George Mason University Brown and the Raid John Brown was active in the abolition movement for decades before the Civil War, and had earned a notorious reputation for his antislavery activities in Kansas during[…]

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights in Political Science

Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 02.25.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief 1 – Civil Liberties and the Bill of Rights 1.1 – The Bill of Rights 1.1.1 – Overview The Bill of Rights of the United States of American: The United States Bill of Rights, which are the first 10 amendments to the US Constitution, and[…]

Meet the Theologian Who Helped MLK See the Value of Nonviolence

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. , chats with African-Americans during a door-to-door campaign in 1964. AP Photo/JAB By Dr. Paul Harvey / 01.11.2018 Professor of American History University of Colorado After this last tumultuous year of political rancor and racial animus, many people could well be asking what can sustain them over the next coming days: How do they[…]

Pending Executive Order Legalizes Discrimination Disguised as ‘Religious Freedom’

“By even considering this discriminatory order he has broken his promise to be a president for all Americans,” says Human Rights Campaign. (Photo: @HRC) ‘Nothing could be more un-American’ than order protecting those with a religious objection to same-sex marriage, transgender people, and reproductive rights. By Deirdre Fulton / 05.03.2017 Rights groups protested outside the[…]

Martin Luther King, Jr. in Dialogue with the Ancient Greeks

Martin Luther King Jr. statue. Jonathan Ernst/Reuters By Dr. Timothy Joseph / 02.01.2016 Associate Professor of Classics College of the Holy Cross In “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop,” the soaring and chilling speech he delivered the day before his assassination, Martin Luther King Jr. ponders the thought of life in other places and times. Among[…]

The Civil Rights Movement in the Photographs of Charles Brittin

Activists picketing at a demonstration for housing equality while uniformed American Nazi Party members counter-protest in the background with signs displaying anti-integration slogans and racist epithets, Los Angeles, 1963, Charles Brittin. The Getty Research Institute, 2015.M.11. © J. Paul Getty Trust The photographs of Charles Brittin reveal the struggle for civil rights in Los Angeles[…]