Biblical Accounts of the Immigrant Experience in Ancient Rome

Looking at how foreigners were treated under the Roman Empire during the time of Jesus. By Rodolfo Galvan Estrada IIIAdjunct Assistant Professor of the New TestamentLabi College Biblical Stories The truth is, the Bible has many stories of migration, beginning in the book of Genesis with Adam and Eve migrating from the Garden of Eden and concluding[…]

Twentieth-Century Jewish Émigrés and Medieval European Economic History

Examining the significance of their intellectual contributions by uncovering the webs of meaning in which their work was suspended. Abstract This essay discusses the intellectual contributions of five Jewish émigrés to the study of European economic history. In the midst of the war years, these intellectuals reconceptualized premodern European economic history and established the predominant[…]

Migrants and Immigrants in Europe since the 1950s: An Historical and Demographic Perspective

Distinguishing between different origins of migrants as well as migration motives. Introduction This outlines the general developments of migration within and towards Europe as well as patterns of settlement of migrants since the 1950s. We take as our starting point the bilateral labour migration agreements signed by several European countries in the 1950s and 1960s.[…]

Eight Waves of Migration and Human Relationships since 1845

Looking at the causes, effects, and impacts of different waves of migration. Introduction Immigration and refugees have long been debated in US political discourse. Given the current controversies surrounding human migration, we thought it would be useful to dig up some resources that examine the environmental contexts of historical immigrant and refugee waves. In some cases,[…]

Understanding Borders and ‘East Central Europe’ in the 19th and 20th Centuries

A narrower concept of “East Central Europe” remains the dominant one in the German-speaking countries. By Dr. Joachim von Puttkamer / 11.11.2015 Professor of Eastern European History Aleksander Brückner Center for Polish Studies Introduction “Central and Eastern Europe” or “East Central Europe” in its usual sense encompasses the countries of Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and[…]

Internal Migration in France and Germany Before and During the Industrial Revolution

This image shows the machine works of Richard Hartmann in Chemnitz, Germany. Hartmann was one of the most successful entrepreneurs and largest employers in the Kingdom of Saxony. / Hinweise zur lizenzgerechten Weiterverwendung des Bildes, Wikimedia Commons The greater portion of mobility occurred within or between regions as people relocated their labor, material wealth, and cultural notions. By Leslie Page[…]

Anabaptist Confessional Migration in Early Modern Europe

Hutterite family 1588 Anabaptists constituted one of the most persecuted and most mobile religious populations of the Reformation and Confessional Ages. By Dr. Geoffrey Dipple / 07.15.2015 Professor of Early Modern History University of Alberta Abstract Lacking a durable alliance with the state anywhere in Europe, Anabaptists constituted one of the most persecuted and most[…]

Asylum for Sanctuary Seekers in the Ancient World

Anglican Dean of Brisbane Dr Peter Catt is leading a sanctuary offer to asylum-seekers facing deportation to Nauru. AAP Image/Dan Peled Examining ancient notions of how we should treat people in need of protection. By Dr. Sean Winter / 02.04.2016 Academic Dean, Coordinator of New Testament Studies, Associate Professor Pilgrim Theological College In response to the High Court[…]

Discrimination and Economic Motives for Medieval to Modern Jewish Migration

Sephardic Diaspora map / Skillman Library, Lafayette College Were (and are) Jewish migrations predominantly the result of persecution and discrimination or were economic motives their main cause? By Dr. Tobias Brinkmann / 12.03.2010 Malvin E. and Lea P. Bank Associate Professor of Jewish Studies and History Pennsylvania State University Introduction Were (and are) Jewish migrations[…]

A History of Diasporan People from Ancient Rome to Today

Roman Triumphal arch (Arch of Titus) panel copy from Beth Hatefutsoth, showing spoils of Jerusalem temple / Wikimedia Commons Diaspora: “a scattering or sowing of seeds” – people or ethnic populations forced or induced to leave their traditional homeland. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 10.02.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction The term diaspora (in Ancient[…]

‘Hi Jolly’: 19th-Century Syrian Immigrant and Pioneer of the American West

Photo by Marine 69-71, Wikimedia Commons It was 1848, the end of the Mexican-American War. By Naomi Gingold / 05.15.2017 In the 19th century, one of the first Arab Muslim immigrants to the US — potentially the first-ever Syrian immigrant — came by invitation of the US military. It was 1848, the end of the[…]

Early Modern Mediterranean Migration

A 16th century chart of Europe and North Africa. Luis Texieira, Portolan Chart, Lisbon, ca. 1600 via Wikimedia Commons Migration is central to Mediterranean history and people have always moved between its two shores. By Dr. Felicita Tramontana / 06.26.2018 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Research Fellow University of Warwick The appointment of Matteo Salvini, leader of the[…]

French Immigrants to Constantinople and Greece in the 13th Century

Settlers brought relatives from the west, formed marriage alliances for themselves and their children in the east, and reoriented their lives. By Erica Jo Giles / 09.08.2006 After capturing Constantinople in 1204, the Fourth Crusaders[1] established several states in former Byzantine territory. Starting from the captured imperial center, westerners moved into Thrace, Greece, the Aegean[…]

Ungesund: Yellow Fever, the Antebellum Gulf South, and German Immigration

There is a strong correlation between the discourse of medical geography and German settlement patterns. By Paul Warden / 05.02.2017 PhD Candidate in Early American History/History of Medicine University of California, Santa Barbara Overview Drawing upon extensive observations published in the German-speaking states of northern Europe, Paul Warden addresses the collective medical geography of the Gulf[…]

How the 19th-Century Know Nothing Party Reshaped American Politics

Anti-immigrant cartoon showing two men labeled “Irish Wiskey” and “Lager Bier,” carrying a ballot box. / Everett Collection Historical, Alamy Stock Photo From xenophobia to conspiracy theories, the Know Nothing party launched a nativist movement whose effects are still felt today. By Lorraine Boissoneault / 01.26.2017 Like Fight Club, there were rules about joining the secret society[…]

Irish and German Immigration to the United States in the 19th Century

Harbour, Pilot’s Tower and Paddle Steamers 1852. / Dover Museum Nativism caused much splintering in the political landscape, and the Republicans benefited and rode to victory in the divisive election of 1860. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 07.30.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief In the middle half of the nineteenth century, more than one-half of the[…]

Making Home in Britain: Asian Immigration and Assimilation in the 19th Century

British Library, Public Domain How early Asian settlers earned a living and made a home in Britain.      By (left-to-right) Dr. Susheila Nasta, Dr. Florian Stadtler, and Dr. Rozina Visram Nasta: Professor of English, The Open University Stadtler: Senior Lecturer in Postcolonial Literatures, University of Exeter Visram: Independent Scholar in Asian Studies Making a permanent home in Britain was not[…]

The Dreadful History of Children in Concentration Camps

Child survivors of Auschwitz are seen in this 1945 photograph. (Creative Commons) The more notorious concentration camps of the 20th century must serve as a stark reminder of the depravity of tearing children away from their parents and putting them in camps. By Dr. Wilson T. Bell / 06.20.2018 Assistant Professor of History and Politics Thompson Rivers University Children and family have been central to the institution of the concentration camp from its[…]

The Impact of Early Modern Immigration on Food and Drink, and Vice Versa

A Boyar Wedding Feast, by Konstantin Makovsky, 1883 / Hillwood Estate, Museum & Gardens via Wikimedia Commons    By Dr. Gunther Hirschfeld and Dr. Manuel Trummer / 08.20.2013 Hirschfeld: Lecturer in Cultural Anthropology, Universität Regensburg Trummer: Lecturer in Cultural Anthropology, Universität Regensburg Abstract There is scarcely an aspect of daily cultural practice which illustrates the processes of transformation[…]

A Transcultural History of Europe – Perspectives from the History of Migration

Migrants are escorted through fields by police as they are walked from the village of Rigonce to Brezice refugee camp on October 23, 2015 in Rigonce, Slovenia. Thousands of migrants marched across the border between Croatia into Slovenia as authorities intensify their efforts to attempt to cope with Europe’s largest migration of people since World[…]

Immigration at the Turn of the 20th Century: Two Contemporary Accounts

The Changing  Character of Immigration By Kate Holladay Claghorn Photo of Claghorn in 1912 Text and images from The World’s Work: Scribners monthly, an illustrated magazine for the people, volume 1(Scribner & Son, New York, 1900-01) Nearly half a million immigrants came to our shores during the year that ended June 30, 1900, the statistics of which[…]

Refugee Women Cope With Trauma and Stress Through Drum Circles

Women and children participate in a drum circle in El Cajon, California. Studies have shown that recreational music-making in general and group drumming in particular can decrease stress and change the genomic stress marker. / Photo by Ari Honarvar How music is helping women from war-torn countries express grief and loss. By Ari Honarvar / 12.05.2017 More than three[…]

Teachers Inspire This Cambodian-American Boy to Keep His Traditional Dance Alive

Maddox and his brother in their apartment in Lowell, Massachusetts. / Photo by Heidi Shin By Heidi Shin / 11.14.2017 When the Khmer Rouge took over Cambodia in 1975, the regime carried out a genocide that killed over 1.5 million people and specifically targeted nearly all of the country’s artists and musicians. Very few survived. After[…]