Striving to Make Gold in the Ancient World of Alchemists

Since ancient times, gold has been appraised for its beauty, a metal with unique chemical and physical properties. Gold has always been a valuable element for women, also being assessed in the mysterious practice of alchemy. If we rewind the pages of history, the practice of alchemists is described as a philosophical tradition whose sole[…]

Metallurgical Evolution in Ancient China

This elaborate set of ritual bronzes, consisting of an altar table and thirteen wine vessels, illustrates the splendor of China’s Bronze Age at its peak. Shang dynasty–Western Zhou dynasty (1046–771 B.C.). / Metropolitan Museum of Art China witnessed a sudden surge in mining, smelting, refining, and casting after a lengthy period of incipient development. By Dr. Ralph[…]