Aphra Behn’s “Oroonoko”: Slavery and Race in the Atlantic World

Exploring how novel Oroonoko compares to other representations of race, slavery, and colonialism in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Introduction Aphra Behn published Oroonoko in 1688, a time when the Atlantic slave trade and African slavery in the Americas were becoming consolidated as a transnational, economic system. The novel draws on popular forms of literature such as[…]

Inside the Kingdom of Hayti, ‘the Wakanda of the Western Hemisphere’

In 1811 a former slave named Henry Christophe anointed himself ‘First Monarch’ of the ‘New World.’ For 10 years, he ruled over a part of modern-day Haiti, becoming a global media sensation. By Dr. Marlene DautAssistant Professor of African DiasporaUniversity of Virginia Marvel’s blockbuster “Black Panther,” which recently became the first superhero drama to be[…]

Haiti’s Declaration of Independence: Digging for Lost Documents in the Archives of the Atlantic World

By the late nineteenth century, no official copy could be found of the document that introduced Haiti on the world stage and announced a citizenry united as one people: Haytians. On the first of January, 1804, Haiti became the second independent nation in the Americas. The Haitian Declaration of Independence was the triumphant culmination of the[…]