The Tiwanaku Empire of Ancient and Medieval Bolivia

Tiwanaku was founded some time in the Early Intermediate Period (200 BCE – 600 CE). By Mark CartwrightHistorian Introduction Tiwanaku (or Tiahuanaco) was the capital of the Tiwanaku empire between c. 200 – 1000 CE and is situated in the Titicaca basin. At an altitude of 3,850 metres (12,600 ft) it was the highest city[…]

Lake Titicaca: Settlement and Growth in Ancient Bolivia and Peru

Lake Titicaca was long considered the origin and centre of the cosmos by the local populace and then also the later Incas. By Mark CartwrightHistorian Introduction Lake Titicaca is located between Bolivia and Peru and, at an altitude of 3,800 metres (12,500 feet), it is the world’s highest navigable lake. The tundra plain known as[…]

Andean Atlantis: Race, Science, and the Nazi Occult in Bolivia

The assumption that Andean peoples could not have built Tiwanaku is the greatest myth of all. Bolivia, 1928. As the train steamed around the bend, Lake Titicaca became visible far to the north. The morning sun danced on the water. The majestic Cordillera Real towered beyond. The whistle howled. The engine lurched. After an arduous[…]