European Colonization of the Americas since the Year 1000

The first European community in North America was established c.980-c.1030 CE by the Norse Viking Leif Erikson. Introduction The European colonization of the Americas was the process by which European settlers populated the regions of North, Central, South America, and the islands of the Caribbean. It is also recognized as the direct cause for the[…]

European Immigration to America and Colonization

Eventually, the entire Western Hemisphere would come under the domination of European nations, leading to profound changes to its landscape, indigenous population, and plant and animal life. Introduction The start of the European Colonization of the Americas is typically dated to 1492, although there was at least one earlier colonization effort. The first known Europeans[…]

Edward Gibbon Wakefield on Systematic Victorian Colonization and Its Discontents

Systematic colonization constitutes one of the most powerful and destructive examples of the ability of Victorian representations to permanently reshape the globe. Abstract In 1829, Edward Gibbon Wakefield published his first statement of a “systematic” theory of settler colonization, A Letter from Sydney: The Principal Town of Australasia. Wakefield offered a novel economic theory of[…]

European Encounters in the Age of Expansion

A history of the expansion of Europe overseas and the multiple forms of encounters between Europeans and “other” peoples and cultures over the course of four centuries. Abstract This article reconstructs the expansion of Europe overseas and the multiple forms of encounters between European navigators, explorers, conquerors, colonizers, merchants and missionaries and “other” peoples and[…]