Black Domestic Workers during the Great Depression

The New Deal maintained racial hierarchies even as it aided African Americans through relief projects. By Dr. Phyllis PalmerProfessor Emeritus of American Studies and Women’s StudiesGeorge Washington University The New Deal eagerness to collect data about the American people evoked a similarly passionate response from American citizens. They answered interviewers, filled out questionnaires, kept consumption[…]

The Ordeal of Herbert Hoover and the Great Depression

Usually cast as a President defined by his failure to contain the Great Depression, Hoover’s story is far more complex and more interesting. By Richard Norton SmithDirector EmeritusHerbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum By Dr. Timothy WalchPublic HistorianDirector EmeritusHerbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum Few Americans have known greater acclaim or more bitter criticism than[…]

5 Ways You Marketed Your Business in the 80s vs. Today

Over the years, marketing has evolved, been re-shaped by trends, and innovated by contemporary technologies to bring about a major transformation. Today, marketing is not only vastly different from how we did it in the 80s, there are essentially different kinds and dimensions to it. Marketing is multi-dimensional today In the 80s, marketing a business[…]

Business Leaders Discuss Digital Marketing in 2021

Who still needs convincing that digital marketing is the way of the future? Surprisingly, many companies are holding out and keeping their digital marketing budgets to a minimum, even with so much evidence to the contrary. It’s time to take a top-to-bottom look at why digital marketing is so important, and what businesses can do[…]

The Medieval West African Trading Empire of Ghana

The early West African societies of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai all created empires that gained much of their wealth from trade. Introduction The kingdom of Ghana lasted from sometime before 500 C.E. until its final collapse in the 1200s. It arose in the semidesert Sahel and eventually spread over the valley between the Senegal and[…]

The History of Checking

The concept of banking has existed in some form or another since settled civilizations began. Once successful people gained lots of currency, they sought ways to safely store it.  Checking, however, is a slightly more complicated banking concept. In the 1500s, expensive Asian goods hit the European market. Wealthy people needed a way to regularly[…]

Economic Development in the Early American Republic

American economic growth was halting and uneven during the late eighteenth and mid-nineteenth centuries. The growth of the American economy reshaped American life in the decades before the Civil War. Americans increasingly produced goods for sale, not for consumption. With a larger exchange network connected by improved transportations, the introduction of labor-saving technology, and the[…]

Paper Money and Inflation in Colonial America

A lack of money plagued colonial America. Introduction Inflation is often thought to be the result of excessive money creation—too many dollars chasing too few goods. While in principle this is true, in practice there can be a lot of leeway, so long as trust in the monetary authority’s ability to keep things under control[…]

The History of the Publix Chain of Stores

If you are not Floridian, you may be surprised to hear that among the other things, they are proud of their Publix stores. Locals that decide to move to another state cannot simply get over the loss of their favorite supermarket chain. Such loyalty is not something uncommon because many generations used to do shopping[…]

Who Would China Prefer in the White House – Biden or Trump?

While China is trying to find ways to become the dominant superpower around the world, Donald Trump’s re-election would likely prove favorable for China’s growth. Trump has been consistently enraged with China following the spread of the virus and the resultant pandemic. He has consistently blamed the Chinese authorities, to an extent where the novel[…]

The Power of Branding, a Look at Several Industries

In the business world, branding has almost become a “buzzword” that gets tossed around inside board rooms. With social media being as prevalent as it is, companies are more conscious than ever about the image they send out. Branding comes down to the inspiration behind your business, and the story or image you cultivate around it.[…]

The New Deal: FDR’s Attempt to Deliver the Chickens Hoover Promised

Roosevelt felt the needs of people took precedence over a strict budget in times of hardship. Roosevelt’s Election In 1928, Herbert Hoover ran for office at the height of American prosperity. He promised “a chicken in every pot,” and there was every indication he could deliver. A short four years later, the nation had plummeted[…]

Americans and Isolationism during the Great Depression of the 1930s

A worldwide economic depression and domestic problems bolstered the idea that the U.S. should isolate itself from events in Europe. Introduction During the 1930s, the combination of the Great Depression and the memory of tragic losses in World War I contributed to pushing American public opinion and policy toward isolationism. Isolationists advocated non-involvement in European[…]

The Historical Background and Development of Social Security

The Great Depression of the 1930s was not the only one in America’s history. Traditional Sources of Economic Security All peoples throughout all of human history have faced the uncertainties brought on by unemployment, illness, disability, death and old age. In the realm of economics, these inevitable facets of life are said to be threats[…]

A Brief History of the Fight for Economic Equality since the Early Republic

Fears of great wealth and the need for economic equality go back to the country’s origins. Introduction Americans are increasingly worried about the rising tide of economic inequality, as fewer control more wealth. For the origins of these concerns, commentators usually point to the Gilded Age at the end of the 19th century, when a[…]

The Decline of Feudalism in the Medieval World

Exploring the key events that contributed to the decline of feudalism in Europe from the 12th through the 15th centuries. Introduction In England, several political changes in the 12th and 13th centuries helped to weaken feudalism. A famous document known as Magna Carta, or Great Charter, dates from this time. Magna Carta was a written[…]

Causes and Consequences of the Great Depression

Many factors, including World War I and its aftermath, set the stage for this economic disaster. Factors Leading to the Great Depression The stock market crash on October 24, 1929, marked the beginning of the Great Depression in the United States. The day became known as “Black Thursday,” Many factors had led to that moment.[…]

The Crédit Mobilier Scandal: Politicians and Corporate Fraud in the Gilded Age

The scandal caused widespread public distrust of Congress and the federal government during the Gilded Age. Introduction The Crédit Mobilier scandal of 1867, which came to public attention in 1872, was a two-part fraud by the Union Pacific Railroad and the Crédit Mobilier of America construction company in the building of the eastern portion of[…]

Gilded Age Scandal and Corruption

In the wake of Andrew Johnson’s impeachment, the American public grew tired of politicians and political wrangling. The Tweed Ring and Machine Politics The late nineteenth and very early twentieth centuries in America are often referred to as the “Gilded Age.” The origin of this name is usually attributed to Mark Twain who co-authored a[…]

Politics and Corruption in the Gilded Age, 1865-1900

During the Gilded Age, Congress was known for being rowdy and inefficient. Introduction At the outset of the Civil War the federal government had been stretched far beyond its limits to cope with the extraordinary demands of supporting an army of over one million men. That demand ended once the war was over, but new[…]

A General Strike on San Francisco’s Waterfront in 1901

At the heart of the struggle was the continuing story that new unions were claiming freedoms and asserting their human rights. Introduction Only seven years after the defeat of the American Railway Union’s 1894 strike, a massive, three month long strike on the San Francisco waterfront resulted in a triumph for the rank and file[…]

Economic Growth in Medieval China

During this period, China’s huge cities dwarfed the cities of medieval Europe. Introduction The Song period was a time of great prosperity in China. Changes in agriculture, especially a boom in the production of rice, fueled the growth of the economy. Trade and business flourished. These developments had started during the Tang dynasty. Under the[…]

Medieval China’s Contacts with the Outside World

Exploring how the Chinese both welcomed and rejected foreign contacts. Introduction At times, the Chinese welcomed foreign contacts. Great cultural exchange resulted as new ideas and products flowed into and out of China. Buddhism, which originally came from India, reached its height of influence during the Tang dynasty. A Chinese monk, Xuan Zang (zhwoo-AN ZANG),[…]

How to Maintain Medical Accounts Receivable Collections?

Introduction Once a medical practice bills a patient for the provided services, the amount delivered by the patients to the practitioners is called AR (Account Receivables). It can be classified by the time of patient billing. If your practice is in AR for 20 days, it means that you have not received payment of 20[…]