Thomas Jefferson and the Judiciary: Federalists v. Republicans

Many radical Republicans pressured Jefferson and the Republican-dominated Congress to make war on the Federalist judiciary. In Thomas Jefferson’s mind, the first order of business for him as President was the establishment of a “wise and frugal Government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another” but which would otherwise leave them alone to regulate[…]

The Limits of Victorian Federalism

English writers found federalism attractive because it seemed a solution to the problems posed by Europe’s emerging nationalities. Abstract In 1863, Edward Augustus Freeman published the first volume of his History of Federal Government, a study of ancient Greek federalism under the Achaean League. Though unknown today, Freeman was the most enthusiastic advocate of the[…]

A History of Federalism in the United States

Federalism was a political solution for the problems with the Articles of Confederation giving little authority to the federal government. Introduction Federalism in the United States is the constitutional division of power between U.S. state governments and the federal government of the United States. Since the founding of the country, and particularly with the end[…]

The Evolution of Federalism in the United States

The period between 1819 and the 1860s had the national government and the states in a push and pull working out a design. Introduction The Constitution sketches a federal framework that aims to balance the forces of decentralized and centralized governance in general terms; it does not flesh out standard operating procedures that say precisely[…]

Federalism, the Founders, and the Constitution

As the Union grew during the two centuries after the founding, state constitutions increasingly included enumerations of rights. Introduction In the United States, the organizing principle of federalism distributes power between the national government and the state governments, both of whose powers rest on written constitutions and both of which can act directly on individuals.[…]