Visigoths: Establishing a European Identity in the Ancient World

The designation Visigothi seems to have appealed to the Visigoths themselves, and in time they came to apply it to themselves. Introduction The Visigoths were the western tribe of the Goths (a Germanic people) who settled west of the Black Sea sometime in the 3rd century CE. According to the scholar Herwig Wolfram, the Roman writer Cassiodorus (c. 485-585 CE)[…]

Publius Quinctilius Varus and Rome’s Germanic Halt at Teutoburg Forest

The loss caused a great shock in Rome and effectively stopped Roman expansion beyond the Rhine River. Introduction Publius Quinctilius Varus (c. 46 BCE – 9 CE) was a Roman politician and general under the rule of Emperor Augustus. He is most remembered for having lost three Roman legions when ambushed by Germanic tribes in[…]

The Fall of Rome and European Migration, c.375-538 CE

The Migration Period is typically regarded as beginning with the invasion of Europe by the Huns from Asia in 375 and ending either with the conquest of Italy by the Lombards in 568. Introduction The Migration Period was a period that lasted from 375 AD (possibly as early as 300 AD) to 538 AD, during[…]