The Crusades: Motivations, Administration, and Cultural Influence

Exploring how the motives, organization, and effects of the Crusades change over time. Introduction The Crusades were a series of religious and political wars fought between 1096 and 1291 for control of the Holy Land. Pope Urban II initiated the First Crusade (1096–1102) in order to aid the Christian Byzantine Empire, which was under attack[…]