The Sea Dogs: Queen Elizabeth’s Marauding Privateers in the New World

Spain’s huge empire in the Americas was a tempting source of wealth for rival European powers. Introduction The sea dogs, as they were disparagingly called by the Spanish authorities, were privateers who, with the consent and sometimes financial support of Elizabeth I of England (r. 1558-1603 CE), attacked and plundered Spanish colonial settlements and treasure[…]

Fairhaven’s Privateers in the War of 1812

Captured officers and seamen of the Governor Gerry had the choice of enlisting in the Royal Navy or being sent to a British prison. By Robert Barboza This 200-year old patriotic story begins with a single reference spotted in an online history database, listing all the captured American ships reported to the Royal Navy headquarters[…]