Shillings, Gods, and Runes: A Semitic Superpower in Ancient Northern Europe

New linguistic research suggests early Germanic language and culture was strongly influenced by the Mediterranean superpower Carthage. Introduction Remember when Australians paid in shillings and pence? New research suggests the words for these coins and other culturally important items and concepts are the result of close contact between the early Germanic people and the Carthaginian[…]

Ancient Semitic-Speaking Peoples

The languages they spoke are usually divided into three branches: East, Central, and South Semitic languages. Introduction Ancient Semitic-speaking peoples were Western Asian people who lived throughout the ancient Near East, including the Levant, Mesopotamia, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Horn of Africa from the third millennium BC until the end of antiquity. The languages[…]