Senātus Rōmānus: Waxing and Waning Power of the Ancient Roman Senate

An advisory council during the monarchy, politically stronger during the republic, and again weak during the empire. Introduction The Roman Senate was a governing and advisory assembly in ancient Rome. It was one of the most enduring institutions in Roman history, being established in the first days of the city of Rome (traditionally founded in[…]

Senate Nominations and Confirmations: An Historical Overview

From its earliest years, the Senate has jealously guarded its power to review and approve or reject presidential appointees to executive and judicial branch posts. Introduction In its history, the Senate has confirmed 126 Supreme Court nominations and well over 500 Cabinet nominations. In the 19th century, the Senate referred few nominations to committees. Since[…]

A Brief History of the United States Senate

The U.S. Senate was designed to be a more deliberative body than the U.S. House. Introduction The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States. Like its counterpart, the[…]