The Networks of Science in Exile during the Spanish Civil War

Without doubt, this process fostered the vascularization of science in receiving countries. By Dr. Francisco Javier Dosil MancillaProfessor of HistoryUniversidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo Abstract Spanish science in exile operated as a network of networks. Its dynamics help us understand the deep imprint that exiled scientists left in their host countries. The network[…]

Spain’s 1936 Civil War and the Americans Who Fought in It: A Convoluted History

The Spanish Civil War was seen as very much of a piece with the war against Hitler and Mussolini. But then things changed. Why? Eighty-two years ago, in the Spanish North African enclave of Melilla, a group of right-wing generals staged a military coup, aimed at overthrowing Spain’s democratically elected government. The July 1936 uprising[…]