Winema and the Modoc War: One Woman’s Struggle for Peace, 1872-1873

Winema Riddle was a Modoc woman whose life story illuminates Native American women’s roles in history. By Dr. Rebecca BalesAssociate Professor, Global Studies DepartmentCalifornia State University, Monterey Bay On February 25, 1891, Congress passed a very unusual piece of legislation. It awarded “Winemah Riddell [sic] . . . a pension at the rate of twenty-five[…]