The Timeline of Renaissance Inventions – c.1300-1600 CE

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The Renaissance period (c. 1300-1600 CE) in European countries is renowned for path-breaking and rapid developments and inventions.

The Renaissance period (c. 1300-1600 CE) in European countries is renowned for path-breaking and rapid developments and inventions that took place in fields like arts, philosophy, and science. It’s deemed that Florencia, Italy, was its epicenter. A crucial period from the particular point of political, scientific, social and cultural changes, the Renaissance period designated the start of a trend that reinforced Europe’s economic climate and military power.

The Renaissance period additionally had a positive, indirect impact on the social and cultural life of European countries. This sociocultural impact consequently ignited changes in the realm of science. Renaissance period was the transitional stage in Europe between the modern and medieval times. Developments of this particular period turned out to be the cornerstone of technological development.


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Leonardo da Vinci made the first model of a submarine. Having said that, Cornelius van Drebbel was the one who systematically created the submarine in 1624. It was checked in the river Thames and continued to be immersed under water for about three hours.

David Bushnell of America constructed the first submarine known as ‘Turtle’ for military services use in 1776. Simon and John Holland made, what can be known as, the real submarine in the 1890s.

Mechanical Clock

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The mechanical clocks that worked with the help of ‘verge-and-foliot’ system were unveiled in the fourteenth century. The first models of mechanical clock contained a drum which incorporated mercury; the drum was operated using weights.

Computing a daily time in 24 hours became achievable right after the advent of a mechanical clock. During 1656, a pendulum time clock was created by Christian Huygens.

Printing Press

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Johann Gutenberg created it in 1440. He soon started perfecting this particular machine in 1436. Before this, a woodblock system was used for the printing.

Creation of the printing press turned out to be a big help in creating vernacular literature available to the wider public. Metal alloys and molds were utilized in the first type of printing press created by Gutenberg. This approach utilized by Gutenberg for prints was called the letterpress printing.

He used the actual ‘movable type’ of words for printing. In this particular approach, protruding areas of the matrix, designed for printing, were inked. This ink was applied to create an outline of words on the paper. This method of printing created by Gutenberg was used for a long time, i.e., from the fifteenth century to the twentieth century, until the progression of counteracting printing.


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There are no evident details available as to who created eyeglasses. Salvino D’Armato is acknowledged with creating wearable glasses in 1284. It wasn’t until the fifteenth century that eyeglasses for ailments such as hyperopia, nearsightedness, and presbyopia were created.

In the thirteenth century, Roger Bacon had introduced a methodical theory regarding how to take advantage of remedial glasses.

On the other hand, there are not any paperwork or details which talk about his part in the creation of eyeglasses. As time passes with the continuous development and changes in eyeglasses, many optical companies came forth to create their eye products and set a high competition in the market. As with the majority of online eyewear retailers, Firmoo is the one that offers a “try on” feature where one can upload a photo to practically try on different eyeglass frames before making a final decision. One other thing that makes Firmoo stand apart is they provide a tiny keychain screwdriver, extra screws and a couple of extra nose pieces with frames. Firmoo is actually an online eyewear store that was founded in 2009. Similar to Glasses USA and Eye Buy Direct, they offer a range of eyewear for fairly affordable prices. usually offers BOGO free deals too, and that is pretty great.

Artillery and Gunpowder

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The creation of gunpowder in China triggered a variety of innovations such as rocket, guns, mortars, launchers, etc. The Roman empire created the utilization of artillery with mechanized energy in 399 BC.

Gunpowder was unintentionally created in around 851 AD, in China. To further improve the accuracy and reliability of rockets, an engineer named William Congreve used launching hoses. The ‘howitzer‘ was created in the seventeenth century. This particular artillery machine was utilized to hit targets placed at difficult angles.


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Robert Boyle, a physicist from Ireland in Europe created the match in 1680. Compounds such as sulfur and phosphorus once rubbed together, generate fire. This particular idea was applied by Robert Boyle when creating the match.

On the other hand, the matches created by him weren’t the functional ones. Due to their flammable nature, the matches made in those times were considered dangerous. John Walker created the very first rubbing matches in 1827.

Mariner’s Compass

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A Chinese traveler Zheng He basically used this compass. He’d carried out 7 sea voyages in the time period between 1405 and 1433 AD. The specific year of the creation of the compass isn’t identified.

On the other hand, it is claimed to have been created throughout the Qin Empire between 221 and 206 BC. Lodestone was the material which was used to create the compass. This particular ore of metal comes in the magnetized form. Most of these lodestones directed southwards, and for that reason, people started using them as a compass.

In the past, the lodestones were created in the shape of a spoon. Magnetic tiny needles substituted them in the Eighth century, after which these were used as devices on warships. At some point, European people also came to know about the compass.

Compound and Microscopic Lenses

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The early lenses obtained their name from dried beans. It is because lenses acquired the shape of lentil seed. Hans Lippershey and Hans Janssen are actually credited with the creation of the first substance microscopic lens in 1590. The concept of setting one glass behind others, which improves their magnification energy, functioned as the foundation of advancement of substance microscopic lens. Earliest types of microscopes presented 20-30 times greater magnifier of physical objects.

Leonardo da Vinci’s Designs

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A few of the designs and sketches created by Leonardo da Vinci weren’t transformed into real, practical machines. Most of these designs, made in the Renaissance period, were fairly innovative and comprehensive. The ornithopter was one particular layout which turned out to be the foundation on which today’s choppers are made.

The sensation of Rebirth (i.e., renaissance) brought life to European countries – which was basically for now living in ancient. Technological advancements played a significant role in bringing about these improvements.