Degrees of Assimilation

Image courtesy of Light show via Wikimedia Commons, and edited by Shannon Sands By Dr. Mark English / 11.11.2017 Philosopher In a recent essay, Daniel Kaufman recalled the days when he and a couple of friends used to climb through a hole in the perimeter fence of their junior high school on Long Island and have lunch at Andel’s Kosher Delicatessen[…]

Medieval Monks and Alcohol

Pious drinking. Walter Dendy Sadler via Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Michael Foley / 11.17.2017 Associate Professor of Patristics Baylor University Each year the holidays bring with them an increase in both the consumption of alcohol and concern about drinking’s harmful effects. Alcohol abuse is no laughing matter, but is it sinful to drink and make merry, moderately and responsibly,[…]

The Mystery of a 1918 Veteran and the Flu Pandemic

Beds with patients in an emergency hospital in Camp Funston, Kansas, during the influenza epidemic around 1918. National Museum of Health and Medicine., CC BY By Dr. Ruth W. Craig / 11.09.2017 Emerita Professor of Pharmacology and Toxicology Dartmouth College Vaccination is underway for the 2017-2018 seasonal flu, and next year will mark the 100-year anniversary of[…]

Pavlov and His Dogs: How Associative Learning Really Works in Human Psychology

When the ringing of a bell comes to mean something more. Maisei Raman/Shutterstock.com By Dr. Edward Wasserman / 11.16.2017 Professor of Experimental Psychology University of Iowa My ears perked up when, in recent weeks, I heard Donald Trump and Ivan Pavlov mentioned twice in connection with each other. After all, I’m an experimental psychologist who journeyed[…]

Rembrandt – ‘The Jewish Bride’

‘ Rembrandt van Rijn, Portrait of a Couple as Isaac and Rebecca, known as The Jewish Bride, 1665-69, oil on canvas, 121.5 x 166.5 cm (Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam) By Dr. Saskia Beranek / 11.18.2017 Visiting Professor of Art History Duquesne University Portrait of a Couple as Isaac and Rebecca, commonly known as The Jewish Bride, is a painter’s painting. According to his letters,[…]

Prehistoric Humans are Likely to have Formed Mating Networks to Avoid Inbreeding

Early humans seem to have recognised the dangers of inbreeding at least 34,000 years ago, and developed surprisingly sophisticated social and mating networks to avoid it, new research has found. 10.05.2017 The study, reported in the journal Science, examined genetic information from the remains of anatomically modern humans who lived during the Upper Palaeolithic, a period when modern humans[…]

Archaeologists Uncover Rare 2,000-Year-Old Sundial during Roman Theatre Excavation

A 2,000-year-old intact and inscribed sundial – one of only a handful known to have survived – has been recovered during the excavation of a roofed theatre in the Roman town of Interamna Lirenas, near Monte Cassino, in Italy. 11.08.2017 Not only has the sundial survived largely undamaged for more than two millennia, but the presence of two Latin[…]

Ancient Agricultural Trade and Changing Crop Seasons

Barley continues to be the staple diet of people living in this Dolpo Valley of Nepal, a harsh environment at 13,000 feet above sea level. Research suggests that ancient barley cultivation moved into China after being farmed in high altitude regions such as this along the southern edge of the Tibetan Plateau. (Photo: Wikipedia Commons)[…]

Local Pantheons in Motion: Synoecism and Patron Deities in Hellenistic Rhodes

The ruins of the temple of Apollon, Acropolis of Rhodes, island of Rhodes, Greece / Photo by Jebulon, Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Stéphanie Paul / 04.20.2015 Postdoctoral Researcher University of Liège, Belgium Abstract This paper addresses some of the limitations of the concept of patron deity through the case-study of the island of Rhodes after the synoecism[…]

Evil and Urizen: William Blake’s Visions of a Demiurge

By Dr. Daniil Leiderman / 07.22.2017 Instructional Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture Texas A&M University William Blake is justifiably considered to be among the greatest of England’s poets and artists. His place in the books of art history is assured despite his general disengagement from any definable movement, except perhaps romanticism, to which he belonged[…]

Life at Valley Forge

Baron von Steuben at Valley Forge, 1777, by Augustus G. Heaton, 1907 / National War College By Mrs. Harriet D. Eisenberg I have chosen to look up particulars concerning the daily life of the soldier at Valley Forge in the awful winter of 1777-8. And as no historian can picture the life of any period so vividly[…]

Art, Religion, and Iconography in the Vimy Memorial

The Canadian National Vimy Memorial, Vimy, Pas-de-Calais, France / Photo by GaryBlakeley, Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Laura Brandon / 11.07.2014 Chief Curator of War Art Canadian War Museum This article examines the Canada National Vimy Memorial in France as a work of art.[i] It explores its creator Walter Allward’s background, and the art historical inspirations and symbolic[…]

Remembering Alex Colville: Genius and the Politics of Art History

Canadian artist Alex Colville, war artist attached to the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, on the Dutch/German border in the final months of WWII / Library and Archives Canada By Dr. Andrew Nurse / 10.25.2017 Associate Professor of Canadian Studies Mount Allison University By all accounts the 2014-5 Alex Colville retrospective — staged first by the AGO — was a monumental[…]

How a Young Ernest Hemingway Dealt with His First Taste of Fame

Ernest Hemingway with a bull near Pamplona, Spain in 1927, two years before ‘A Farewell to Arms’ would be published. Ernest Hemingway Photograph Collection, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston By Dr. Verna Kale / 11.12.2017 Associate Editor, The Letter of Ernest Hemingway Assistant Research Professor of English Pennsylvania State University When he published “The[…]

Two Panathenaic Peploi: A Robe and a Tapestry

So-called “Peplos Scene” from the east Parthenon frieze (panels E31-35). The scene may depict the peplos garment being folded by a child (perhaps a weaver) and a chief priest. Mansfield believes that this image depicts the smaller peplos/robe of the annual Lesser Panathenaia. By Dr. Monica Bowen / 06.28.2017 Professor of Art History Seattle University A few weeks[…]

Portraiture of Ancient Palmyra

The Beauty of Palmyra, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek By Judith Weingarten / 09.02.2015 Archaeologist The Beauty of Palmyra When the Danish archaeologist Harald Ingholt was just beginning his third season of digging at Palmyra in 1928, someone offered to sell him this stunning portrait of a woman – and, in accordance with the practices of the time,[…]

Why Exhaustion is Not Unique to Our Overstimulated Age

Marriage A-la-Mode, Plate II, Engraved by Bernard Baron, 1745 / Wellcome Library By Dr. Anna Katharina Schaffner / 07.06.2016 Reader in Comparative Literature University of Kent Is ours the most exhausting age ever? Many sociologists, psychologists and cultural critics argue that the rapid spread of exhaustion syndromes such as depression, stress and burnout are consequences of[…]

It’s Not Easy to Make Landscape a Place: You Have to Feel It

View over Buttermere in Wordsworth’s favoured Lake District, England. Paul Albertella/Flickr By Dr. Fiona Stafford / 11.07.2016 Professor of English Language and Literature University of Oxford There is a big difference between ‘place’ and ‘landscape’, even though the words are often used interchangeably. The original meaning of ‘landscape’ came from 17th-century artistic discourse. It referred to[…]