Historical Techniques of Lie Detection

Polygraph amplifer / Photo by glacial23, Wikimedia Commons A general overview of the literature and thinking to date about the evolution of lie detection techniques. By Dr. Martina Vicianová / 08.20.2015 Research Psychologist Pavol Jozef Šafárik University, Slovakia Abstract Since time immemorial, lying has been a part of everyday life. For this reason, it has[…]

From Mythology to Psychology: Archaic Psychology in Greek Myths

The Triumph of Civilization / Photo by Grizzli, Kunsthalle Hamburg, Wikimedia Commons The enormous contribution of ancient Greeks to the progress of philosophy, natural sciences and arts, can’t be contested. Unfortunately, the role they played in the history of psychology is hardly mentioned. By Dr. Vlad Petre Glăveanu Associate Professor of Psychology Webster University Geneva[…]

Sacred Psychiatry in Ancient Greece

John W. Waterhouse, “A Mother Bringing Her Sick Child to the Temple of Asklepios”, 1877 (Image in public domain) From the ancient times, there are three basic approaches for the interpretation of the different psychic phenomena: the organic, the psychological, and the sacred approach.   By Georgios Tzeferakos, MD, PhD (left) and Athanasios Douzenis, MD,[…]

Theory of Mind

Relativity by M.C. Escher, 1953 / Wikimedia Commons One of the most remarkable human capacities is to perceive and understand mental states. This capacity, often labeled “theory of mind,” consists of an array of psychological processes that play essential roles in human social life. We review some of these roles, examine what happens when the[…]

Everything in Its Place

By Rob Horning / 06.28.2017 Lately I have been reading Marie Kondo’s The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up. I think it is best enjoyed if read as a novel with a classic unreliable narrator; it’s about an obsessive woman who lives in a world where belongings can spark joy but people cannot, and who copes with her alienation by[…]

Conspiracy Theories as Part of History: The Role of Societal Crisis Situations

Nero didn’t really fiddle while Rome burned – he wasn’t even there. Examining the link between societal crisis situations and belief in conspiracy theories.    By Dr. Jan-Willem van Prooijen and Dr. Karen M. Douglas / 07.01.2017 Prooijen: Associate Professor of Psychology, VU Amsterdam Douglas: Professor of Social Psychology, University of Kent Abstract In the present contribution, we examine[…]

Propaganda in the Russian Revolution

Wikimedia Commons Looking at the various forms of propaganda in circulation during the Russian Revolution. By Dr. Katya Rogatchevskaia Lead Curator, East European Collections British Library Is there such a thing as ‘good’ propaganda? Over the 20th century, the word ‘propaganda’ acquired predominantly negative connotations and to many, it is associated with totalitarian regimes. Back in 1928,[…]

A History of Psychology

Wilhelm Wundt founds the first formal laboratory of psychology at the University of Leipzig, Germany. / Wikimedia Commons The historical development of the science and practice of psychology in America.    By Dr. David B. Baker and Heather Sperry Baker: Professor of Psychology, Margaret Clark Morgan Executive Director of the Center for the History of Psychology Sperry: Graduate[…]

Memory: Biology, Types, and Processes

Photo by ores2k, Creative Commons Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief 1 – Introduction to Memory 1.1 – Introduction to the Process and Types of Memory Memory is the ability to take in information, store it, and recall it at a later time. In psychology, memory is broken into three stages: encoding, storage, and[…]

Watching for Signs of Suicidal Thought Instead of Seeing Them in Retrospect

After his son’s suicide aged 18, Steve Mallen sees the world differently. Along with a growing number of mental health experts, he wants to reduce the rate of suicide across the world, and is aiming for zero. By Simon Usborne / 08.01.2017 Steve Mallen thinks the signs first started to show when his son stopped playing the[…]

Why are We So Sleep Deprived, and Why Does It Matter?

As many as 70 million Americans may not be getting enough sleep. Men get fewer hours of sleep than women. Akos Nagy/Shutterstock.com By Dr. Michael S. Jaffee / 03.07.2018 Vice Chair, Department of Neurology University of Florida As we prepare to “spring forward” for daylight saving time on March 11, many of us dread the loss[…]

How the Idea of ‘Oneness’ Can Help Us in the 21st Century

By Gilbert Ross / 02.03.2018 Reconnecting with Our Natural State Individuality, diversity and uniqueness are celebrated and lauded as the highest achievements in our Western society. We admire individualism, initiative, free thinkers and those who chart new courses. But, what if all this rugged individualism and diversity is leading us further apart; is fracturing the[…]

Why Mister Rogers’ Message of Love and Kindness is Good for Your Health

Image via PBS Rogers’ emphasis on kindness and love is proving to be very important to good health. Here’s why. By Dr. Richard Gunderman / 06.08.2018 Professor of Medicine, Liberal Arts, and Philanthropy Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis The release of the Mister Rogers documentary, “Won’t You Be My Neighbor?” calls to mind the essential message of Rogers’ long-running children’s program, “Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood.” Fred McFeely Rogers, who died in[…]

Is It Yanny or Laurel? It’s Your Brain, Not Your Ears, That Decides

You heard it say what? Roman Stetsyk/Shutterstock.com Where you come down on the latest internet hullabaloo depends on how your brain fills in gaps in the sounds you hear. By Dr. Jennell Vick / 05.16.2018 Assistant Professor of Communication Sciences Case Western Reserve University As a speech scientist, I never thought I’d see so much excitement on social media[…]

The Stowaway’s Story Chimes with the Explorer in Us All

Stowaway Perce Blackborow and Mrs Chippy aboard Shackleton’s Endurance, 1914-1917. Photo courtesy Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge By Laura Gwen Shapiro / 04.01.2018 Novelist and Documentary Filmmaker Whatever currency drives adventure, whether fame or fortune, a stowaway trying to cash in on glory often features in the story. Sometimes, they’re escaping a bad situation; sometimes, they’re wannabe[…]

Our Dreams Have Many Purposes, Changing Across the Lifespan

Photo by stephentrepreneur, Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Patrick McNamara / 03.09.2018 Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry Boston University School of Medicine Although radically different in terms of their content and feel, the rangeof dream states are just as complex as waking states. If we look across an individual’s lifetime, we find that children’s dreams are very different[…]

Wake Up and Smell the Coffee – It’s Why Your Cuppa Tastes So Good

The smell of freshly brewed coffee is hard to beat. Michael Yan/Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND By Don Brushett / 10.20.2014 Research Associate Southern Cross University Most of what we taste we actually smell. The only sensations that we pick up in our mouth are sweet, sour, bitter, umami and salty. Without its smell, coffee would have only a sour or[…]

What Everyone Gets Wrong about Lonely People

Because loneliness is now considered a public health issue—and even an epidemic—people are exploring its causes and trying to find solutions. / Photo by Annie Theby, Unsplash Those trying to cure a loneliness epidemic by bringing people physically closer to their neighbors are oversimplifying its modern meaning. By Amelia S. Worsley / 03.22.2018 Is loneliness our modern[…]

William Sargant’s World of Psychosurgery, Brainwashing, and Exorcism

William W Sargant, 1948. Wellcome Library reference: PP/WWS/A/19. Mike Jay delves into the personal papers of one of the first ‘media psychiatrists’ of the 20th century. By Mike Jay / 04.02.2014 Author and Cultural Historian In some respects, Sargant was a distinguised establishment figure. He was co-author of ‘An Introduction to Physical Methods of Treatment in Psychiatry’, the[…]

Fact-Checking: More than Meets the Eye

We don’t automatically question information we read or hear. Gaelfphoto/Shutterstock.com Cognitive psychologists know the way our minds work means we not only don’t notice errors and misinformation we know are wrong, we also then remember them as true. By Dr. Lisa Fazio / 03.29.2018 Assistant Professor of Psychology Vanderbilt University Here’s a quick quiz for you:[…]

The Reason We Like the Tidy Feelings of Home is Evolutionary

James Vaughan/Flickr By Dr. John S. Allen / 04.25.2016 Neuroanthropologist and Research Scientist University of Southern California Is your house tidier than it used to be? If it is, then you have probably read Marie Kondo’s international bestselling book The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up (2011). Kondo’s book is ostensibly a manual for home improvement. She suggests[…]

A History of Loneliness

Edward Hopper’s ‘Office in a Small City’ (1953). Gandalf’s Gallery By Dr. Amelia S. Worsley / 03.19.2018 Assistant Professor of English Amherst College Is loneliness our modern malaise? Former U.S. Surgeon General Vivek Murthy says the most common pathology he saw during his years of service “was not heart disease or diabetes; it was loneliness.” Chronic loneliness, some say,[…]