Memory: Biology, Types, and Processes

Photo by ores2k, Creative Commons Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief 1 – Introduction to Memory 1.1 – Introduction to the Process and Types of Memory Memory is the ability to take in information, store it, and recall it at a later time. In psychology, memory is broken into three stages: encoding, storage, and[…]

Watching for Signs of Suicidal Thought Instead of Seeing Them in Retrospect

After his son’s suicide aged 18, Steve Mallen sees the world differently. Along with a growing number of mental health experts, he wants to reduce the rate of suicide across the world, and is aiming for zero. By Simon Usborne / 08.01.2017 Steve Mallen thinks the signs first started to show when his son stopped playing the[…]

Why are We So Sleep Deprived, and Why Does It Matter?

As many as 70 million Americans may not be getting enough sleep. Men get fewer hours of sleep than women. Akos Nagy/Shutterstock.com By Dr. Michael S. Jaffee / 03.07.2018 Vice Chair, Department of Neurology University of Florida As we prepare to “spring forward” for daylight saving time on March 11, many of us dread the loss[…]

How the Idea of ‘Oneness’ Can Help Us in the 21st Century

By Gilbert Ross / 02.03.2018 Reconnecting with Our Natural State Individuality, diversity and uniqueness are celebrated and lauded as the highest achievements in our Western society. We admire individualism, initiative, free thinkers and those who chart new courses. But, what if all this rugged individualism and diversity is leading us further apart; is fracturing the[…]

Why Mister Rogers’ Message of Love and Kindness is Good for Your Health

Image via PBS Rogers’ emphasis on kindness and love is proving to be very important to good health. Here’s why. By Dr. Richard Gunderman / 06.08.2018 Professor of Medicine, Liberal Arts, and Philanthropy Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis The release of the Mister Rogers documentary, “Won’t You Be My Neighbor?” calls to mind the essential message of Rogers’ long-running children’s program, “Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood.” Fred McFeely Rogers, who died in[…]

Is It Yanny or Laurel? It’s Your Brain, Not Your Ears, That Decides

You heard it say what? Roman Stetsyk/Shutterstock.com Where you come down on the latest internet hullabaloo depends on how your brain fills in gaps in the sounds you hear. By Dr. Jennell Vick / 05.16.2018 Assistant Professor of Communication Sciences Case Western Reserve University As a speech scientist, I never thought I’d see so much excitement on social media[…]

The Stowaway’s Story Chimes with the Explorer in Us All

Stowaway Perce Blackborow and Mrs Chippy aboard Shackleton’s Endurance, 1914-1917. Photo courtesy Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge By Laura Gwen Shapiro / 04.01.2018 Novelist and Documentary Filmmaker Whatever currency drives adventure, whether fame or fortune, a stowaway trying to cash in on glory often features in the story. Sometimes, they’re escaping a bad situation; sometimes, they’re wannabe[…]

Our Dreams Have Many Purposes, Changing Across the Lifespan

Photo by stephentrepreneur, Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Patrick McNamara / 03.09.2018 Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry Boston University School of Medicine Although radically different in terms of their content and feel, the rangeof dream states are just as complex as waking states. If we look across an individual’s lifetime, we find that children’s dreams are very different[…]

Wake Up and Smell the Coffee – It’s Why Your Cuppa Tastes So Good

The smell of freshly brewed coffee is hard to beat. Michael Yan/Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND By Don Brushett / 10.20.2014 Research Associate Southern Cross University Most of what we taste we actually smell. The only sensations that we pick up in our mouth are sweet, sour, bitter, umami and salty. Without its smell, coffee would have only a sour or[…]

What Everyone Gets Wrong about Lonely People

Because loneliness is now considered a public health issue—and even an epidemic—people are exploring its causes and trying to find solutions. / Photo by Annie Theby, Unsplash Those trying to cure a loneliness epidemic by bringing people physically closer to their neighbors are oversimplifying its modern meaning. By Amelia S. Worsley / 03.22.2018 Is loneliness our modern[…]

William Sargant’s World of Psychosurgery, Brainwashing, and Exorcism

William W Sargant, 1948. Wellcome Library reference: PP/WWS/A/19. Mike Jay delves into the personal papers of one of the first ‘media psychiatrists’ of the 20th century. By Mike Jay / 04.02.2014 Author and Cultural Historian In some respects, Sargant was a distinguised establishment figure. He was co-author of ‘An Introduction to Physical Methods of Treatment in Psychiatry’, the[…]

Fact-Checking: More than Meets the Eye

We don’t automatically question information we read or hear. Gaelfphoto/Shutterstock.com Cognitive psychologists know the way our minds work means we not only don’t notice errors and misinformation we know are wrong, we also then remember them as true. By Dr. Lisa Fazio / 03.29.2018 Assistant Professor of Psychology Vanderbilt University Here’s a quick quiz for you:[…]

The Reason We Like the Tidy Feelings of Home is Evolutionary

James Vaughan/Flickr By Dr. John S. Allen / 04.25.2016 Neuroanthropologist and Research Scientist University of Southern California Is your house tidier than it used to be? If it is, then you have probably read Marie Kondo’s international bestselling book The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up (2011). Kondo’s book is ostensibly a manual for home improvement. She suggests[…]

A History of Loneliness

Edward Hopper’s ‘Office in a Small City’ (1953). Gandalf’s Gallery By Dr. Amelia S. Worsley / 03.19.2018 Assistant Professor of English Amherst College Is loneliness our modern malaise? Former U.S. Surgeon General Vivek Murthy says the most common pathology he saw during his years of service “was not heart disease or diabetes; it was loneliness.” Chronic loneliness, some say,[…]

An Introduction to Intelligence, Its Measurements, and Its Extremes

Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 03.09.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief 1 – Introduction to Intelligence 1.1 – Defining Intelligence 1.1.1 – Introduction Over the last century or so, intelligence has been defined in many different ways. The meaning of the word “intelligence” has been hotly contested for many years. In today’s psychological landscape, intelligence can[…]

Cognition: The Psychology of Knowledge and Information Processing

Image from Life Science Databases via Wikimedia Commons Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 03.06.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief 1 – History of Cognition 1.1 – Introduction “Cognition” is a term for a wide swath of mental functions that relate to knowledge and information processing. 1.1.1 – Cogito Ergo Sum Maybe you’ve heard the phrase I think , therefore[…]

An Introduction to Social Psychology

Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 03.03.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Defining Social Psychology: History and Principles Introduction The field of social psychology is growing rapidly and is having an increasingly important influence on how we think about human behavior. Newspapers, websites, and other media frequently report the findings of social psychologists, and the results of[…]

The Sociology of Socialization

Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief 1 – The Role of Socialization 1.1 – Introduction Socialization prepares people for social life by teaching them a group’s shared norms, values, beliefs, and behaviors. 1.1.1 – Overview The role of socialization is to acquaint individuals with the norms of a given social group or society.[…]

Sensation and Perception: How We Interpret Our World and Shape Reality

Image from event-horizon / Creative Commons Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 02.25.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief 1 – Introduction to Sensation 1.1 – Introduction Sensation involves the relay of information from sensory receptors to the brain and enables a person to experience the world around them. 1.1.1 – Overview Sensation and perception are two separate processes[…]

The Conditioning, Cognition, Biology, and Psychology of Learning

Image from The Blue Diamond Gallery / Creative commons Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 02.26.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief 1 – Introduction to Learning 1.1 – Defining Learning Learning involves a change in behavior or knowledge that results from experience. 1.1.1 – What is Learning? Learning is an adaptive function by which our nervous system changes[…]

States of Consciousness

Photo Credit EMSL, Creative Commons Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 02.22.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief 1 – Introduction to Consciousness 1.1 – Introduction 1.1.1 – Philosophy of Consciousness Despite the difficulty in coming to a definition, many philosophers believe that there is a broadly shared underlying intuition about what consciousness is. Philosophers since the time[…]