The Art of Citizenship: Roman Cultural Identity in Cicero’s Pro Archia Poeta

Cicero Denounces Catiline, fresco by Cesare Maccari, 1882-1888 / Wikimedia Commons Examining Cicero’s views on the construction of Roman identity. By Fisher Wallace Pressman This paper examines Cicero’s Pro Archia Poeta Oratio and the author’s implicit and explicit views on how Roman cultural identity is construct ed. While the speech itself is the legal defense[…]

Yearning for Rome in the Medieval Romanesque

South transept of Tournai Cathedral, Belgium, 12th century / Wikimedia Commons The Romanesque style appeared to be a continuation of the Roman tradition of building, albeit a much simplified and less technically competent version. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 09.14.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction Romanesque architecture is the term that describes the architecture of[…]

The Graeco-Roman-Etruscan Marvel that Was Pompeii

Forum, looking toward Mount Vesuvius, Pompeii Pompeii was not always a Roman town. By the mid-sixth century BCE, both Etruscans and Greeks had settled in the area. By Dr. Francesca Tronchin / 09.02.2018 Independent Scholar of Classical Art and Archaeology Preserved under Volcanic Ash Pompeii may be famous today, with millions of tourists visiting each[…]

The Bacchanalia: Ancient Soteriology in Motion

Bacchanalia (cut), on a frieze / Photo by Roland zh, Wikimedia Commons Practices intimately tied to the soteriological aspirations of their adherents. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 09.10.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction The Bacchanal by Peter Paul Rubens / Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Wikimedia Commons The term Bacchanalia describes the initiatory and celebratory[…]

Augustus to Justinian: General Themes in the Corruption of the Roman Principate

The Roman Forum / Photo by Bert Kaufmann, Wikimedia Commons The best intentions often end in the most spectacular falls. By Zachary Scott Rupley / 05.2009 Adjunct Professor of History East Tennessee State University Conception and Temperament of Emperors; State of the World   [LEFT]: Augustus of Prima Porta, 1st century / Vatican Museums, Wikimedia[…]

Exploring the Roman ‘Imperator’

Lucius Aemilius Paullus, acting as imperator, breaking ties of serfdom / Photo by Marco Prins, Louvre Museum, Creative Commons Imperator (“commander”) was a Roman title, awarded to victorious commanders and emperors. The Greek equivalent is strategos autokrator. By Jona Lendering / 08.10.2015 Historian and Founder Livius Onderwijs Iberian Origin? The Roman word imperator simply means[…]

Rome’s Seat of Passion: The Archaeology and History of the Circus Maximus

Wide view of Circus Maximus, Rome, Italy / Photo by Peter Clarke, Wikimedia Commons The Circus Maximus as evidence to both the flexibility of public spaces and usages by the aristocracy from pre-Roman times through the Roman Empire. By Cody Scott Ames / 04.06.2016 Abstract It is a place where the general public can gather[…]

Social and Economic Corruption in the Graeco-Roman World

Highlighting the evolution of corruption and represents the highlights of the phenomenon from the social, economic and religious perspective.     By (left-to-right) Ciprian Rotaru, Dumitru-Alexandru Bodislav, and Raluca Georgescu Bucharest University of Economic Studies Introduction The phenomenon of corruption can be dated with the rise of mankind. Although it is not an act with[…]

Upholding the Moral Good: The Censor in Ancient Rome

Sacrifice scene during a census: left part of a plaque from the Altar of Domitius Ahenobarbus known as the “Census frieze”. / Photo by Jastrow, Louvre Museum, Wikimedia Commons “Quis custodiet ipsos custodies? – “Who watches the watchmen?” By Nico P. Swarz and Eric Ozoo Swarz: University of Botswana Ozoo: Baisago University College of Botswana[…]

Lucius Cornelius Sulla: Guardian or Enemy of the Roman Republic?

The Entrance of Cornelius Sulla into Rome, where he was appointed as “Dictator” in the First Century BCE /  Wikimedia Commons The truth is complex. By Marc Hyden / 07.27.2015 Historian Introduction For centuries, Lucius Cornelius Sulla has been reviled as a maniacal tyrant who defiled the Roman constitution and instituted bloody purges, but some[…]

The Third Punic War: Carthago Delenda Est!

Antonine baths ruins / Photo by Aymen, Wikimedia Commons The Carthaginian assault on their Numidian neighbours gave the Romans the perfect excuse to crush this troublesome enemy once and for all. By Mark Cartwright / 05.31.2016 Historian Introduction An artist’s impression of what the Roman naval attack on Carthage may have looked like during the[…]

Precipitating a Republic’s End: Cicero and the Catiline Conspiracy

A fresco by Cesare Maccari (1840-1919 CE) depicting Roman senator Cicero (106-43 BCE) denouncing the conspirator Catiline in the Roman senate. (Palazzo Madama, Rome) / Wikimedia Commons One man would rise amidst the disorder of civil war, at least in his mind, to save it. By Donald L. Wasson / 02.03.2016 Professor of Ancient/Medieval History Lincoln[…]

The Totalitarian Rule and Propaganda of Augustus

Looking to the writings of Duncan Kennedy and Hannah Arendt for further insight. By Dr. Elena Giusti Assistant Professor in Latin Literature and Language University of Warwick Abstract The allegedly old-fashioned debate over the pro- or anti-Augustanism of Augustan texts was superseded in 1992 by Duncan Kennedy’s ‘reflections’ over these terms of reference. Since then,[…]

Julius Caesar: Imperial Ambitions and the End of the Republic

The assassination of Julius Caesar, painted by William Holmes Sullivan, c. 1888 / Wikimedia Commons Dissatisfied Republicans rebelled, but the empire was born. 03.23.2018 Gaius Julius Caesar (13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a great statesman who changed history and left a great legacy. He was descended from the ancient and[…]

Rhetoric, Power, and Persuasion in Shakespeare’s ‘Julius Caesar’

Boydell’s Collection of Prints illustrating Shakespeare’s works / British Library, Public Domain Rhetoric was a much-valued skill in Renaissance England, as it was in ancient Rome. By Dr. Kim Ballard / 03.15.2016 Linguist Rhetoric – the skilful use of language in order to move or persuade – was big business in Elizabethan England judging by[…]

Of Gods and Emperors: Trans Experiences in Ancient Rome

The Roses of Heliogabalus (1888), Lawrence Alma-Tadema. (Wikimedia Commons) Ancient Rome featured a myriad of, what could be understood, both then and now, as experiences that transcended sex and gender norms. By GVGK Tang / 11.14.2017 The ancient Roman satirist Lucian describes an exchange between two courtesans, wherein one of the women repeatedly characterizes her[…]

Searching for Neurological Diseases in the Julio-Claudian Dynasty of the Roman Empire

The Julio Claudian Ravenna Releie / Creative Commons Descriptions of the diseases of some of these emperors may indicate diagnoses such as epilepsy, dystonia, dementia, encephalitis, neurosyphilis, peripheral neuropathies, dyslexia, migraine and sleep disorders.    By Dr. Carlos Henrique Ferreira Camargo and Dr. Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive / 10.17.2017 Camargo: Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa, Hospital Universitário, Serviço[…]

Ancient Rome’s Praetorian Guard

Proclaiming Claudius Emperor by Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 1867 / Wikimedia Commons The Praetorian Guards were the personal bodyguards of the Emperors of the Roman Empire. The name was used from the time of the Roman Republic, denoting the protection of Roman generals, which existed from 275 BC. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 07.25.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief[…]