The Poetry of Mary, Queen of Scots

She was known not only for her political status, but also for her textual skill – whether authentic or imagined. Think Mary, Queen of Scots and a few key facts probably come to mind: she was Catholic, she was imprisoned and she had her head chopped off. But a poet who offers insight into 16th-century[…]

Naming as an Instrument of Strengthening Early Medieval Dynastic Power

In historiographical tradition, which is characteristic of medieval societies,the history of a nation is portrayed, first, as the history of its political elite. Dr. Marina R. Zheltukhina (Professor of Theory of English, Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University)Dr. Larisa G. Vikulova (Professor of Roman Philology, Moscow City Teacher Training University)Dr. Gennady G. Slyshkin (Head of Social Sciences and Professional Communication, Moscow State[…]

Social Structure and Aristocratic Representation in Medieval Hungarian Red Wax Seals

The first law differentiating the rights within nobility was enacted by the national assembly, the diet of Wladislaus II, in 1498.    By Ádám Novák (left) and Balázs Antal Bacsa (right) / 10.22.2018PhD Students of Political HistoryUniversity of Debrecen Abstract One might perceive the Middle Ages as an era of certain rights and privileges.Social stratification or the[…]

Julius Caesar in Gaul

Caesar created a new version of ‘Gaul’, expanding geographical boundaries and excluding some areas traditionally ascribed to it.    Where Was Gaul? While we might think of Gaul as the ‘ancient version’ of modern France, the Romans included modern Belgium, parts of the Netherlands and northern Italy in Gaul. Gallia Transalpina meant ‘Gaul beyond the[…]