Inside the Jackson Tract: The Battle Over Peonage Labor Camps in Southern Alabama, 1906

Exploring the history of post-slavery labor, the harsh conditions of labor camps, and efforts to end the peonage system. Introduction On a warm spring day in 1904, former governor of Maryland and lumberman E. E. Jackson, along with several associates, traveled to Alabama to view their extensive holdings of southern yellow pine forests. The party took[…]

To Free or Not to Free: Thomas Jefferson’s Lukewarm Stance on Slavery

Jefferson’s reasoning centered on generational sovereignty and timeliness. It is often acknowledged that Jefferson did much in his years prior to his retirement from political activity to try to eradicate the institution of slavery. Writes Gilbert Chinard in Thomas Jefferson: The Apostle of Americanism: No New Englander had done more to promote the cause of[…]

The Many Alexander Hamiltons

An interview with Dr. Joanne B. Freeman, professor of history and American studies at Yale University, about Alexander Hamilton. In 2015, the U.S. Treasury announced it was going to replace Alexander Hamilton on the $10 bill. Then came the deluge of Hamilton interest inspired by Lin-Manuel Miranda’s musical, literally casting a spotlight on the words[…]

The Roads of Roman Britain

A considerable number of Roman roads remained in daily use as core trunk roads for centuries after the end of Roman rule in Britain. Introduction Roman roads in Britannia were initially designed for military use, created by the Roman Army during the nearly four centuries (43 – 410 AD) that Britannia was a province of the Roman Empire. It is estimated that about[…]

The Roman Dead: New Techniques are Revealing Just How Diverse Roman Britain Was

New research has rubbished perceptions of Roman Britain as a region inhabited solely by white Europeans. Our knowledge about the people who lived in Roman Britain has undergone a sea change over the past decade. New research has rubbished our perception of it as a region inhabited solely by white Europeans. Roman Britain was actually[…]