An Overview of the Federal Court System and Judicial Process in the United States

Courts in the federal system work differently in many ways than state courts. Introduction Overview The federal court system has three main levels: district courts (the trial court), circuit courts which are the first level of appeal, and the Supreme Court of the United States, the final level of appeal in the federal system. There[…]

The USCT: Black Union Soldiers in the Civil War

The United States Colored Troops (USCT) was a branch of the United States Army founded in 1863. Introduction The United States Colored Troops (USCT) was a branch of the United States Army founded in 1863 to recruit, organize, and oversee the service of African American soldiers during the American Civil War (1861–1865). USCT regiments consisted of[…]

The Escape of the Harriet Lane through the Union Blockade of Galveston

The Harriet Lane engaging in a battery at Pig’s Point By Sara Hale My Grandfather’s account of the escape of the Harriet Lane through the Union blockade of Galveston. The letter is addressed to “Friend Phillips” the then editor of the North AdamsTranscript, North Adams, Massachusetts. On board U. S. Steam Sloop “Lackawanna” Off Galveston,[…]

A History of the Kushan Empire

The Kushan Empire reached its cultural zenith circa 105 – 250 C.E. and extended from Tajikistan to Afghanistan, Pakistan, and into the Ganges River valley in northern India. Introduction The Kushan Empire (c. First–Third Centuries) reached its cultural zenith circa 105 – 250 C.E., extended from Tajikistan to Afghanistan, Pakistan and into the Ganges River valley in northern India. The Kushan tribe of the Yuezhi confederation,[…]

The Seleucid Empire after Alexander the Great: Anatolia and Beyond

The Seleucid Empire was a Hellenistic successor state of Alexander the Great’s empire, which at its height included central Anatolia and well beyond. Introduction The Seleucid Empire (312 – 60 B.C.E.) was a Hellenistic successor state of Alexander the Great’s dominion, which at its height included central Anatolia, the Levant, Mesopotamia, Persia, Turkmenistan, Pamir, and[…]