Fidel Castro and the Revolution That (Almost) Wasn’t

At first, the Cuban revolution seemed doomed to fail. Sixty years ago, Fidel Castro launched an audacious bid to liberate Cuba from the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista – the American-backed strongman whose repressive regime was characterised by corruption and economic and social inequality. At the time, though, this effort appeared destined to be little more than a footnote in[…]

Rum, Hookers, and Smuggling: The Secret Story of Coolidge’s Visit to Cuba

By Christopher Woolf In 2016, Barack Obama became the first sitting US president to visit Cuba since Calvin Coolidge in 1928. Coolidge was known as Silent Cal, a dour New Englander; an old fashioned puritan and a dedicated enforcer of Prohibition. So what was he doing in fun-filled Havana? He had a two-fold mission: to[…]

The Unseen Significance of Jefferson’s Natural-Aristoi Letter to Adams

Thomas Jefferson crafted a letter to John Adams in a delayed reply to several other letters on views of aristocracy. On October 28, 1813, Thomas Jefferson crafts a letter to John Adams in a delayed reply to several other letters, written by Adams on his views of aristocracy, which cry out for a reply. Adams[…]

John and Abigail Adams: The Beginning of White House Tradition

As the first residents of the White House, they began, under difficult conditions, a 200-year tradition of making the house a home. By Betty C. MonkmanWhite House Curator Emeritus John and Abigail Adams had a wealth of experience in establishing and living in official houses prior to their move into the new President’s House in[…]

The Science and Biology of Aristotle

Aristotle studied developing organisms, among other things, in ancient Greece, and his writings shaped Western philosophy and natural science for greater than two thousand years. By Dorothy Regan Haskett, Valerie Racine, and Joanna Yang Aristotle spent much of his life in Greece and studied with Plato at Plato’s Academy in Athens, where he later established[…]

An Overview of the Geological History of Earth

Looking at the Precambrian and Phanerozoic Eons. Introduction The geological history of Earth follows the major events in Earth’s past based on the geological time scale, a system of chronological measurement based on the study of the planet’s rock layers (stratigraphy). Earth formed about 4.54 billion years ago by accretion from the solar nebula, a[…]