The Industrial Revolution and Patterns of Consumption

The Industrial Revolution was a time of major change and adaptation. Introduction There are many aspects in history books about Britain that make us perceive it as a great country, it was the occurrence of the Industrial Revolution that set them apart from other European countries. This was a period of time of rapid development,[…]

The Industrial Revolution: Transformation of Cities and the Urban Experience

Europeans faced issues such as pollution, health, disease, poverty, and crime. Introduction The Industrial Revolution started in Britain in the late 18th century. Through raw materials, the improvement of machinery and transportation, which created many more factories, lead to the start of the Industrial Revolution. While we consider it a great achievement in history, many[…]

Galen: Greek Physician, Author, and Philosopher in Ancient Rome

Much of our knowledge of early medicine comes from Galen’s writings. Introduction Galen (129-216 CE) was a Greek physician, author, and philosopher, working in Rome, who influenced both medical theory and practice until the middle of the 17th century CE. Owning a large, personal library, he wrote hundreds of medical treatises including anatomical, physiological, pharmaceutical,[…]

One Really Big Difference between Science and History

Employing the word “truth”. By Dr. David P. BarashEvolutionary Biologist and Professor Emeritus of PsychologyUniversity of Washington Science differs from theology and the humanities in that it is made to be improved on and corrected over time. Hence, the new paradigms that follow are approximations at best, not rigid formulations of Truth and Reality; they[…]

Beer Archaeologists Are Reviving Ancient Ales — With Some Strange Results

The trouble with re-creating ancient brews is that it’s actually an impossible task. By Rae Ellen Bichell The closest that Travis Rupp came to getting fired from Avery Brewing Co. in Boulder, Colo., he says, was the time he tried to make chicha. The recipe for the Peruvian corn-based beer, cobbled together from bits of[…]

Evidence of Asteroid Impact 12,800 Years Ago Causing Abrupt Climate Change

Why did Earth’s climate rapidly cool 12,800 years ago? Evidence is mounting that a comet or asteroid collision is to blame, with new support coming from the bottom of a South Carolina lake. Introduction What kicked off the Earth’s rapid cooling 12,800 years ago? In the space of just a couple of years, average temperatures[…]