Agriculture and Immigration in California, 1866-1920

Migrants found both opportunity and hardship in modernizing California. Introduction In the half-century between the Civil War and World War I, California became an integrated part of the expanding United States. The completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869 vastly increased the pace of urbanization, industrialization, and agricultural development. The state’s population exploded from 380,000[…]

Mid-Victorians and Their Food

Improved agricultural output and a political climate dedicated to ensuring cheap food led to a dramatic increase in the production of affordable foodstuffs. Introduction The mid-Victorian period is usually defined as the years between 1850 and 1870, but in nutritional terms we have identified a slightly longer period, lasting until around 1880. During these 30[…]

A Medical Journey to Ancient Rome

Review of a book discussing the history, religion, science, and technology of ancient Rome. By Dr. Migeul A. FariaAdjunct Professor of Medical History (ret.)Clinical Professor of Neurosurgery (ret.)Mercer University School of Medicine This is the third volume of the monumental A History of Medicine series by the medical historian and classical scholar Plinio Prioreschi M.D.,[…]

Twin-Born with Greatness: The Dual Kingship of Ancient Sparta

The Spartan myth of stranger-kings of divine descent was opposed to the Athenian ideology of autochthony. Introduction This article examines the comparative configurations of diarchy by means of an extended analysis of the Spartan dual kingship in ancient Greece. Twinned and inseparable, both human and divine, the Spartan kings were themselves descended from celestial twins,[…]