Mark Twain, Huckleberry Finn, and Race in Postbellum America

How did Twain’s Huckleberry Finn engage and challenge popular ideas about slavery and race in nineteenth-century America? By Lawrence HoweNot Pictured Introduction Students in the United States know Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn as a fixture in the American literary canon and a staple of high school reading lists. But this status has[…]

Literature of the American Civil War

How did literature help make sense of the war and the profound changes it brought to the nation? Introduction The Civil War has long served as a powerful, organizing division in American literary history. As critics Christopher Hager and Cody Marrs recently noted, 1865 has provided a nearly unquestioned periodization for students, teachers, and scholars[…]

Shakespeare’s Romans: Politics and Ethics in ‘Julius Caesar’ and ‘Coriolanus’

What is the context for Shakespeare’s Roman plays? Why did classical Rome capture the interest of people in Renaissance England? Introduction When William Shakespeare first staged his Roman tragedies Julius Caesar (1599) and Coriolanus (c. 1608), he did not introduce his audience to new stories. Rather, he reworked characters and events with which most of[…]

Julius Pomponius Laetus and the Medieval Revival of Classical Rome

Laetus emulated the life of the ancient Romans, living in a modest house on the Esquiline. Introduction Julius Pomponius Laetus, also known as Giulio Pomponio Leto, (1425 – 1498) was an Italian humanist, archaeologist, and Latinist who promoted the revival of ancient Roman classics and the traditions they represented. From his youth, he devoted himself[…]

Kamuyamato Iwarebiko: Jimmu, Emperor of Ancient Japan, 660-585 BCE

According to Shinto belief, Jimmu is regarded as a direct descendant of the sun goddess, Amaterasu. Introduction Emperor Jimmu (Jinmu Tennō; also known as: Kamuyamato Iwarebiko; given name: Wakamikenu no Mikoto or Sano no Mikoto), (born according to the legendary account in the Kojiki on the first day of the first month, 660 B.C.E., and[…]

“Tree Culture”: The Ancient Japanese Jomon Period, 10,000-300 BCE

Trees were utilized in building construction and for ceremonial ornaments and daily implements. Introduction The Jomon period is the period of Japanese prehistory from about 10,000 B.C.E. to 300 B.C.E., during which the earliest major culture of prehistoric Japan developed and flourished. The word “jomon” (cord-pattern) refers to the characteristic ornamentation of clay vessels and[…]

How You Can Manage Your Business Finance a Better Way

Finances include income and expenses; businessmen face difficulties in managing them. The leading reason is the cohesion of personal finance and business finance, which interfere with the management and growth of both. If you are experiencing the same issue, you need to separate business finance from the person immediately. How to Separate Personal Finance from[…]