The Cutter Incident: How Our First Polio Vaccine Led to a Growing Vaccine Crisis

The Cutter Incident led in part to the development of a polio vaccine that was more dangerous. By Dr. Michael FitzpatrickGeneral PractitionerBarton House Health Centre In April 1955 more than 200 000 children in five Western and mid-Western USA states received a polio vaccine in which the process of inactivating the live virus proved to[…]

Ignaz Semmelweis: The Doctor Who Emphasized Hand-Washing in 1847

A Hungarian obstetrician was the first to nail down the importance of hand-washing to stop the spread of infectious disease. Introduction One of the front-line defenses individuals have against the spread of the coronavirus can feel decidedly low-tech: hand-washing. In fact, it was 19th-century Hungarian physician Ignaz Semmelweis who, after observational studies, first advanced the[…]

Underestimating the Enemy: St. Clair’s Defeat at the Battle of Wabash River

President George Washington forced St. Clair to resign his post and Congress initiated its first investigation of the executive branch. Introduction He was so obsessed with not dividing his troops that he did not send out scouts, instead marching forward without reconnaissance. With no scouts out, St. Clair was completely unaware of the force of[…]

Failure of Flaminius: The Battle of Lake Trasimene

Flaminius was in such a rush to catch the invaders that he failed to set up proper reconnaissance. Introduction The Battle of Lake Trasimene (21 June 217 BC) was a major battle in the Second Punic War. The Carthaginians under Hannibal defeated the Romans under the consul Gaius Flaminius. Hannibal’s victory over the Roman army[…]

Multi-Family Investment Options: Important Things to Consider

Real estate has several options and alternatives for investors. If you can’t withstand the instability of the stock market, you can consider multi-family investing. A multi-family home offers terrific income potential and financial freedom. If you want a quick appreciation in your portfolio, feel free to invest in multi-family properties. If you are interested in[…]

Investment Benefits for Owner-Occupied and Medical Buildings

A real estate investor can use diverse investment strategies to generate steady income. Nowadays, the concept of owner-occupied real estate buildings is becoming popular. These are commercial or multi-unit residential real estate properties. Owners choose to reside in one of the units and earn rental income from remaining units. You can find two types of[…]